The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), enacted in 1986 as part of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, aims to prevent "patient dumping" by requiring hospitals to screen and stabilize patients who come to an emergency room seeking medical attention. For many reasons, recovery under EMTALA is rare, especially when psychiatric treatment is called for. New regulations of EMTALA went into effect on November 10, 2003. These new regulations helpfully clarify the applicability of EMTALA. However, the bias against recovery in cases involving psychiatric emergencies is likely to remain.