Calix[4]pyrrole derivative: recognition of fluoride and mercury ions and extracting properties of the receptor-based new material.

Abstract

A calix[4]pyrrole derivative, namely, meso-tetramethyl tetrakis (4-phenoxy methyl ketone) calix[4]pyrrole, 1, was synthesized and structurally (1H NMR) and thermodynamically characterized. The complexing properties of this receptor with a wide variety of anions and cations in dipolar aprotic media (acetonitrile, propylene carbonate, and dimethyl sulfoxide) were investigated through 1H NMR and conductance studies. The former technique was used to assess whether or not complexation occurs and if so to identify the active sites of interaction of 1 with ions. The composition of the complexes was established by conductance measurements. It was found that in dipolar aprotic solvents, 1 interacts only with two polluting ions (fluoride and mercury). The complexation thermodynamics of 1 and these ions in these solvents is reported. The medium effect on the binding process involving the fluoride ion is discussed taking into account the solvation properties of reactants and the product. Complexes of moderate stability are found. Given that this is an important factor to consider for the recycling of the loaded material in extraction processes, 1 was treated with formaldehyde in basic medium leading to the production of a calix[4]pyrrole based material able to extract fluoride and mercury (II) ions from water. Thus the optimum conditions for the extraction of these ions from aqueous solutions were established. The material is easily recyclable using an organic acid. Final conclusions are given.

DOI: 10.1021/jp8045356

Cite this paper

@article{Namor2008Calix4pyrroleDR, title={Calix[4]pyrrole derivative: recognition of fluoride and mercury ions and extracting properties of the receptor-based new material.}, author={Angela F Danil de Namor and Rasha Khalife}, journal={The journal of physical chemistry. B}, year={2008}, volume={112 49}, pages={15766-74} }