Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube

@article{Abbasi2010CalibrationAC,
  title={Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube},
  author={The IceCube collaboration R. Abbasi and Yasser Abdou and T. Abu-Zayyad and J. H. Adams and Juan Antonio Aguilar and Markus Ahlers and Karen Andeen and Jan Auffenberg and Xinhua Bai and Mark Baker and Steven W. Barwick and Ryan Bay and J. L. Bazo Alba and K. Beattie and James J. Beatty and Sabrina Bechet and Julia K. Becker and Kathrin Becker and Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrahmane and Jens Berdermann and Patrick Berghaus and David Berley and Elisa Bernardini and Daniel Bertrand and David Z. Besson and Martin Bissok and Erik Blaufuss and David J. Boersma and Christian Bohm and Olga Botner and Laura C. Bradley and J. Braun and Stijn Buitink and Michael Carson and Dmitry Chirkin and Brian John Christy and John Mason Clem and S. D. Cohen and C. Colnard and D. F. Cowen and Michelangelo D'Agostino and Matthias Danninger and Catherine De Clercq and L. Demirors and O. Depaepe and Freija Descamps and Paolo Desiati and Garmt de Vries-Uiterweerd and Tyce DeYoung and J. C. D'iaz-V'elez and Jens Dreyer and Jonathan Dumm and M. R. Duvoort and Robert Ehrlich and Jonathan Eisch and R. W. Ellsworth and O. Engdegaard and Sebastian Euler and Paul A. Evenson and Oladipo O. Fadiran and Ali R. Fazely and Tom Feusels and Kirill Filimonov and Chad Finley and M. M. Foerster and Brendan Fox and Anna Franckowiak and Robert Franke and Thomas K. Gaisser and J. Gallagher and R. Ganugapati and M. Geisler and Lisa Marie Gerhardt and Laura E. Gladstone and Azriel Goldschmidt and Jordan A. Goodman and Darren Grant and Timo Griesel and A. Gross and Sean Grullon and R. M. Gunasingha and Maria Gurtner and Chang Hyon Ha and Allan Hallgren and Francis Halzen and K. Han and Kael D. Hanson and Y. Hasegawa and J. Haugen and Klaus Helbing and Ph. Herquet and Stephanie Virginia Hickford and Gary C. Hill and K. D. Hoffman and Andreas Homeier and Kotoyo Hoshina and Daan Hubert and Warren Huelsnitz and J. P. Hulss and Per Olof Hulth and Klas Hultqvist and Shahid Hussain and Richard Imlay and M. Inaba and Aya Ishihara and Janet S. Jacobsen and George S. Japaridze and Henrik J. Johansson and J. Mangano Joseph and K-H. Kampert and Alexander Kappes and Timo Karg and Anton Dipl Ing Karle and John Lawrence Kelley and N. Kemming and Patrick J. Kenny and Joanna Kiryluk and Fabian Kislat and Noriko Kitamura and Spencer R. Klein and S{\'e}bastien Knops and Georges Kohnen and Hermann Kolanoski and Lutz Kopke and D. Jason Koskinen and Marek Kowalski and Thomas Kowarik and Mark Krasberg and Thomas Krings and G{\"o}sta Kroll and Kyler W. Kuehn and Takao Kuwabara and Mathieu L. M. Labare and Sven Lafebre and Karim Laihem and Hagar Landsman and R. J. Lauer and A. Laundrie and R. Lehmann and D. Lennarz and Jan Lunemann and J. Madsen and Pratik Majumdar and Reina Maruyama and Keiichi Mase and Howard S. Matis and Milena Matusik and Kevin J. Meagher and Martin Merck and P'eter M'esz'aros and Thomas Meures and Eike Middell and Natalie Milke and Hiroko Miyamoto and Teresa Montaruli and Robert Morse and Steven Movit and Rolf Nahnhauer and Jiwoo Nam and Uwe Naumann and Peter Niessen and David R. Nygren and Sirin Odrowski and Alexander R. Olivas and Miguel Olivo and Masaomi Ono and Sebastian Panknin and Larissa Paul and Carlos P'erez de los Heros and J. Petrovic and A. Piegsa and Damian Pieloth and A. C. Pohl and Rodin Antonio Porrata and Jonas Posselt and P. Buford Price and Michael Prikockis and Gerald T. Przybylski and Katherine Rawlins and Peter Christian Redl and Elisa Resconi and Wolfgang Rhode and Mathieu Ribordy and Alfio Rizzo and Phillip E. Robl and Jo{\~a}o Paulo Rodrigues and Peter Roth and Florian Rothmaier and Carsten Rott and C{\'e}cile Roucelle and D. Rutledge and Bakhtiyar Ruzybayev and Dirk Ryckbosch and Heinz Georg Sander and P. W. Sandstrom and Subir Sarkar and Kai Schatto and Stefan Schlenstedt and Thomas Schmidt and David A. Schneider and Anne Schukraft and A. Schultes and O. Schulz and Matthias Schunck and David Seckel and Benjamin Semburg and S. h. Seo and Yolanda Sestayo and Surujhdeo Seunarine and Andrea Silvestri and Alan Slipak and G. M. Spiczak and Christian Spiering and Michael Stamatikos and Todor Stanev and G. Stephens and Thorsten Stezelberger and Robert G. Stokstad and S Stoyanov and Erik A. Strahler and Troy Straszheim and Gregory W. Sullivan and Quentin Swillens and Ignacio J. Taboada and Alessio Tamburro and Oksana Tarasova and Andreas Tepe and Samvel Ter-Antonyan and C. Terranova and Serap Tilav and Patrick A. Toale and Delia Tosi and Dusan Turcan and Nick van Eijndhoven and Justin Vandenbroucke and Arne Van Overloop and Jakob van Santen and B. Voigt and D. Wahl and Christian Walck and Tilo Waldenmaier and Marius Wallraff and Marc Walter and C. Wendt and Stefan Westerhoff and Nathan Whitehorn and Klaus Wiebe and Christopher Wiebusch and Gustav Wikstrom and D. R. W. Williams and Ralf Wischnewski and Henrike Wissing and Kurt Woschnagg and C. Xu and X. Xu and Gaurang B. Yodh and Shigeru Yoshida and Pavel Zarzhitsky},
  journal={Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment},
  year={2010},
  volume={618},
  pages={139-152}
}
  • T. I. C. R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, P. Zarzhitsky
  • Published 11 February 2010
  • Physics
  • Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment

Calibrating the photon detection efficiency in IceCube

The IceCube neutrino observatory is composed of more than five thousand light sensors, Digital Optical Modules (DOMs), installed on the surface and at depths between 1450 and 2450 m in clear ice at

Characterization of the Hamamatsu R11780 12 in. photomultiplier tube

Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system

Realization of the “ Precision Optical Calibration Module ” prototype for calibration of IceCube-Gen 2

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic kilometer neutrino detector in the Antarctic ice at the South Pole. The planned extension IceCube-Gen2 contains the Precision IceCube Next Generation

Measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic rays with the 26 station configuration of the IceTop detector

IceTop is an instrument at the geographic South Pole designed to detect cosmic ray air showers, particle cascades in the atmosphere initiated by highenergy cosmic rays. It is the surface component of

In-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge response of the IceCube photomultiplier tubes

We describe an improved in-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge distributions for each of the in-ice Hamamatsu Photonics R7081-02[MOD] photomultiplier tubes in the IceCube Neutrino

In-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge response of the IceCube photomultiplier tubes

We describe an improved in-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge distributions for each of the in-ice Hamamatsu Photonics R7081-02[MOD] photomultiplier tubes in the IceCube Neutrino

Measuring the optical properties of IceCube drill holes

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory consists of 5160 digital optical modules (DOMs) in a cubic kilometer of deep ice below the South Pole. The DOMs record the Cherenkov light from charged particles

Improved Detection of Supernovae with the IceCube Observatory

The IceCube neutrino telescope monitors one cubic kilometer of deep Antarctic ice by detecting Cherenkov photons emitted from charged secondaries produced when neutrinos interact in the ice. The

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory: instrumentation and online systems

TLDR
The design, production, and calibration of the IceCube digital optical module (DOM), the cable systems, computing hardware, and the methodology for drilling and deployment are described, including the online triggering and data filtering systems that select candidate neutrino and cosmic ray events for analysis.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES

Precision Measurements of Time Characteristics of ETL9351 Photomultipliers

The measured characteristics of 2200 photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for the future Borexino experiment are considered to provide the most complete information for evaluating the time characteristics of

Detecting the neutrino mass hierarchy with a supernova at IceCube

IceCube, a future km 3 antarctic ice Cherenkov neutrino telescope, is highly sensitive to a galactic supernova (SN) neutrino burst. The Cherenkov light corresponding to the total energy deposited by

Optical properties of deep glacial ice at the South Pole

We have remotely mapped optical scattering and absorption in glacial ice at the South Pole for wavelengths between 313 and 560 nm and depths between 1100 and 2350 m. We used pulsed and continuous

Observation of high-energy atmospheric neutrinos with the Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array

The Antarctic muon and neutrino detector array (AMANDA) began collecting data with ten strings in 1997. Results from the first year of operation are presented. Neutrinos coming through the Earth from