Calibrating the sociometer: the relational contingencies of self-esteem.

  title={Calibrating the sociometer: the relational contingencies of self-esteem.},
  author={Sandra L. Murray and Dale W. Griffin and Paul Rose and Gina M. Bellavia},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={85 1},
A longitudinal daily diary study examined how chronic perceptions of a partner's regard for oneself might affect the day-to-day relational contingencies of self-esteem. Married partners each completed a diary for 21 days, and completed measures of satisfaction twice over the year. Multilevel analyses revealed that people who chronically felt more positively regarded compensated for one day's acute self-doubts by perceiving greater acceptance and love from their partner on subsequent days. In… 
For Better or Worse? Self-Esteem and the Contingencies of Acceptance in Marriage
A longitudinal daily diary study examined the origins and consequences of perceiving a partner's acceptance and love as contingent on professional success, and revealed that low self-esteem men and women felt more accepted and loved by their partner on days when their professional lives were marked by success.
Putting the partner within reach: a dyadic perspective on felt security in close relationships.
Putting the partner of a dating couple more within the psychological grasp of low self-esteem people may effectively increase felt security in the partner's regard.
Singlehood and Attunement of Self-Esteem to Friendships
It is suggested that singles are psychologically attuned to their friendships, and such attunement may benefit their belongingness and self-esteem.
Investigating Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Relational Psychological Tendencies
Self-esteem is frequently evaluated in relation to other attributes of the human persona, with emphasis often falling to how the trait affects intimate relationships. Today’s society gives priority
Attractiveness and self-esteem: A test of sociometer theory
Sociometer theory (Leary & Baumeister, 2000) proposes that self-esteem is an evolutionary adaptation which functions to monitor the quality and quantity of people’s interpersonal relationships
Individual differences in perceived esteem across cultures
A study was conducted to investigate individual differences in perceived esteem (perceptions of how positively one is viewed by others) and the relationship between perceived esteem, self-esteem,
Examining the Link Between Friendship Contingent Self-Esteem and the Self-Propagating Cycle of Depression
Research has shown that basing one's self-worth on the quality of one's friendships, termed friendship contingent self-esteem (FCSE), is a risk factor for depressive symptoms (Cambron, Acitelli, &
Overcoming acceptance insensitivity: Increasing low self-esteem individuals' perceptions of value to their partners
People with low self-esteem (LSEs) often have doubts about how much their romantic partners love and value them. These doubts, which undermine their relationships, are difficult to overcome because
The Ups and Downs of Social Life: Within-Person Variations in Daily Status and Inclusion Differentially Predict Self-Regard and Interpersonal Behavior.
The results suggest that narcissism operates chiefly as a hierometer (tracking status and regulating assertiveness), whereas self-esteem additionally operates as a sociometer (also tracking inclusion and regulating affiliativeness).
Self-esteem reactions to social interactions: evidence for sociometer mechanisms across days, people, and nations.
Results indicated that countries whose inhabitants regularly interact with friends were characterized by higher nationwide SE levels than countries without such practices, even when happiness, individualism, gross domestic product, and neuroticism were controlled.


Self-esteem and the quest for felt security: how perceived regard regulates attachment processes.
It is proposed that personal feelings of self-esteem foster the level of confidence in a partner's regard critical for satisfying attachments, and a dependency regulation model is proposed, wherein felt security in a partners' perceived regard is suggested as a prime mechanism linking self- esteem to relational well-being.
Calibrating the sociometer: the relationship between interpersonal appraisals and state self-esteem.
Although trait self-esteem correlated with state reactions as a main effect, it did not moderate participants' reactions to interpersonal feedback, and all 4 studies showed that subjective feelings were a curvilinear, ogival function of others' appraisals.
Once Hurt, Twice Hurtful: How Perceived Regard Regulates Daily Marital Interactions
A daily diary study examined how chronic perceptions of a partner's regard affect how intimates interpret and respond to daily relationship stresses. Spouses each completed a diary for 21 days.
The Mismeasure of Love: How Self-Doubt Contaminates Relationship Beliefs
The authors argue that individuals with more negative models of self are involved in less satisfying relationships because they have difficulty believing that they are loved by good partners. Dating
Through the looking glass darkly? When self-doubts turn into relationship insecurities.
The authors argue that individuals regulate perceptions of their relationships in a self-protective way, finding virtue in their partners only when they feel confident that their partners also see
The self-fulfilling prophecy in close relationships: rejection sensitivity and rejection by romantic partners.
The authors hypothesized a self-fulfilling prophecy wherein rejection expectancies lead people to behave in ways that elicit rejection from their dating partners. The hypothesis was tested in 2
The benefits of positive illusions: Idealization and the construction of satisfaction in close relationships.
It is proposed that satisfaction is associated with idealistic, rather than realistic, perceptions of one's partner. To provide baselines for assessing relationship illusions, both members of married
When rejection stings: how self-esteem constrains relationship-enhancement processes.
It is found that chronic needs for acceptance may result in low self-esteem people seeing signs of rejection where none exist, needlessly weakening attachments.
Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self: role of self-esteem.
In 2 studies, dyadic interactions were used to assess the influence of ego threat on likability as a function of self-esteem and a mediational analysis demonstrated that decreased liking among high self- esteem participants was due to being perceived as antagonistic, and the findings could not be explained by trait levels of narcissism.