Calendars and Symbolism: Functions of Observation in Hopi Astronomy

  title={Calendars and Symbolism: Functions of Observation in Hopi Astronomy},
  author={Stephen C. McCluskey},
  journal={Journal for the History of Astronomy},
  pages={S1 - S16}
  • S. McCluskey
  • Published 1 February 1990
  • Physics
  • Journal for the History of Astronomy
.The Hopi orientation bears no relation to North and South, but to the points on his horizon which mark the places of sunrise and sunset at the summer and winter solstices. He invariably begins his ceremonial circuit by pointing (1) to the place ofsunset at the summer solstice,next to (2) the place of sunset at winter solstice, then to (3) the place of sunrise at winter solstice, and (4) the place of sunrise at summer solstice &c &c ... (Alexander M. Stephen, letter to J. Walter Fewkes, Tewa… 

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Some support for this hypothesis may be found in a migration legend told by a man from Oraibi, Wikvaya, who said that the Patki people "came from where the sun rises
  • The traditions of the Hopi (Publications of the Field Columbian Museum
  • 1905
The name Luhavwu Chochomo (testiclemounds) refers literally to the rounded volcanic cinder mounds to the East of this notch, rather than to the notch
  • itself. A. M. Stephen, letter to 1. Walter Fewkes,
  • 1893
A pueblo Indian journal, ed
  • Hopi Field Notes,
  • 1979
The Hopis: Portrait ofa desert people
  • (Norman, Oklahoma,
  • 1978
For extensive discussions of this topic, see
  • God and Nature: Historical essays on the encounter between Christianity and science
  • 1986
These shrines across the valley differ from shrines near villages
  • 1985
Hopi journal
  • 1936
The ceremonies at Oraibi pueblo of making and offering pahos to the sun at Soyal are described by
  • Sun Chief' The autobiography of a Hopi Indian
  • 1942