Calculations of Gamma Ray Dose from Gamma Ray Bursters and Nearby Supernovae

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Supernovae and gamma ray bursters (possibly caused by “hypernovae”) are the most energetic known events in the Universe. Supernovae release approximately 10 ergs of energy in the form of photons, neutrinos, and kinetic energy imparted to debris from the explosion. Hypernovae release approximately 10 ergs of gamma ray energy alone (1). Some… (More)

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