Calculated fusion rates in isotopic hydrogen molecules

  title={Calculated fusion rates in isotopic hydrogen molecules},
  author={Steven E. Koonin and Michael Nauenberg},
COLD fusion occurs when two nuclei with very small relative energy tunnel through their mutual Coulomb barrier to initiate a nuclear reaction. The phenomenon is well studied in muon-catalysed fusion1–4, where a relatively massive muon replaces an electron in a diatomic molecule of hydrogen isotopes, enhancing the binding and producing cold-fusion rates of ∼1012 s−1. Cold fusion is also believed to occur as pycno-nuclear reactions in certain astrophysical environments5. Recent reports of cold… 
Can solid-state effects enhance the cold-fusion rate?
RECENTLY two groups1,2 have reported finding experimental evidence for an unexpectedly high rate of nuclear fusion at room temperature during the process of electrolytic deposition of deuterium on
Nuclear Fusion by Lattice Confinement
The experimental data for the screening potential in metals shows evidence of huge enhancements in the nuclear fusion cross section at energies ≤10 keV. These enhancements could imply the possibility
Measurements of neutron emission induced by muons stopped in metal deuteride targets
An 80-MeV/c negative muon beam from the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory was used to investigate the stopping of muons inside Pd, Ti, and Y targets saturated with
Possible generation of heat from nuclear fusion in Earth’s inner core
The generation of heat is the result of three-body nuclear fusion of deuterons confined in hexagonal FeDx core-centre crystals; the reaction rate is enhanced by the combined attraction effects of high-pressure and high-temperature and by the physical catalysis of neutral pions.
Instability of diatomic deuterium in fcc palladium
To clarify some of the solid-state aspects of cold fusion in deuterated transition metal electrodes, we have carried out first-principles self-consistent total energy calculations for various
Analysis of heavy-ion-induced deuteron-deuteron fusion in solids
When energetic heavy ions irradiate a deuteride titanium target, a number of recoil deuterium atoms are produced in the solid. The recoil deuterium atoms cause deuteron-deuteron (d-d) fusion
Screening of the coulomb potential in a nondegenerate hydrogen isotope gas
To explain the mechanism of deuterium reactions in palladium and titanium (cold fusion), a model of an exotic deuterium plasma with possibly short nuclear distances due to thermal motion was
In search of nuclear fusion in electrolytic cells and in metal/gas systems
It has been reported recently in the literature that unexpected thermal and nuclear effects (production of excess heat, neutrons, γ-rays, and tritium) can occur during the electrolysis of heavy water
New results of charged particles released from deuterium-loaded metal at low temperature
We have suggested that the mantle He and H might have originated from natural nuclear fusion (d-d and d-p reaction, or other reactions) in deep Earth. Encouraged by this new idea, we tried to


The mechanism by which negative p, mesons catalyze nuclear reactions between hydrogen isotopes is studied in detail. The reaction rate for the process (p+d+p, =+He'+p, +5.5 Mev), observed recently by
Piezonuclear fusion in isotopic hydrogen molecules
A rough estimate is made of the rate of fusion of the nuclei in a deuterium molecule at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. As the density of the collection of molecules is increased, the
Accurate Adiabatic Treatment of the Ground State of the Hydrogen Molecule
Accurate ground‐state energies of the hydrogen molecule have been computed using wavefunctions in the form of expansions in elliptic coordinates and including explicitly the interelectronic distance.
Reviews of Topical Problems: Nuclear Reactions in Cold Hydrogen I. Mesonic Catalysis
1. Introduction 593 2. Experimental Work on Catalysis of Nuclear Reactions by μ Mesons 596 a) Berkeley Experiments 596 b) Liverpool Experiments 597 3. Kinetics of Catalysis of Nuclear Reactions by μ
Muon-catalyzed fusion can take place rapidly in a simple chamber containing deuterium and tritium. Negative muons are introduced into the chamber and collide with the deuterium and tritium to form
Muon-catalysed fusion revisited
Muons introduced into relatively cold, dense deuterium-tritium mixtures can replace the atomic electrons and form muonic molecules which participate readily in nuclear fusion reactions. Catalysis
Observation of cold nuclear fusion in condensed matter
When a current is passed through palladium or titanium electrodes immersed in an electrolyte of deuterated water and various metal salts, a small but significant flux of neutrons is detected. Fusion
Perturbation theory of short-range atomic interactions
  • W. Byers-Brown, J. D. Power
  • Physics, Chemistry
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1970
A new united atom perturbation theory of the interaction of two atoms at small separations is described. The key feature is a similarity transformation of the Schrödinger equation which enables the
Black Holes, White Dwarfs, and Neutron Stars
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