Plant calcium oxalate crystal formation, function, and its impact on human health
- Paul A. Nakata
- Frontiers in Biology
The development and distribution of calcium oxalate crystals, stomates and hairs were studied in the first trifoliolate leaf ofRhynchosia caribaea (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae, Phaseoleae). Using light and transmission electron microscopy, the crystals were shown to occur in both bundle sheath and mesophyll cells. Crystal distribution and shapes are characteristic forRhynchosia. Crystals develop late in leaf development in contrast to the stomates and hairs. As these latter two structures decrease in number per unit area with leaf age, crystal number increases.