Calcium carbonate precipitation in bicarbonate hemodialysis.

@article{Klein1986CalciumCP,
  title={Calcium carbonate precipitation in bicarbonate hemodialysis.},
  author={E Klein and Richard A. Ward and George B. Harding},
  journal={Artificial organs},
  year={1986},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={
          248-50
        }
}
Calcium carbonate has been observed to precipitate in the fluid pathway of dialysate delivery systems dispensing bicarbonate-containing dialysates. Such precipitation can occlude the fluid pathway, leading to system malfunction and increased maintenance requirements. We show that commercial supplies of sodium bicarbonate are contaminated by trace amounts of sodium carbonate. This contamination may result in immediate precipitation of calcium carbonate on formulation of the dialysate, since… Expand
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