Calcium as a mediator of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced apoptosis.

  • Igor Sergeev
  • Published 2004 in
    The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular…

Abstract

Cellular calcium has been implicated in induction of apoptosis. We have shown that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced apoptosis is associated with a sustained increase in concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) resulting from depletion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores and activation of the voltage-insensitive Ca(2+) entry pathway [1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3), intracellular Ca(2+) and apoptosis in breast cancer cells, in: A.W. Norman, R. Bouillon, M. Thomasset (Eds.), Vitamin D: Chemistry, Biology and Clinical Applications of the Steroid Hormone, University of California, Riverside, 1997, pp. 473-474; Vitamin D and intracellular calcium, in: P. Quinn, V. Kagan (Eds.), Subcellular Biochemistry: Fat-Soluble Vitamins, Plenum Press, New York, 1998, pp. 271-297; 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and calcium signaling, in: A.W. Norman, R. Bouillon, M. Thomasset (Eds.), Vitamin D Endocrine System: Structural, Biological, Genetic and Clinical Aspects, University of California, Riverside, 2000, pp. 715-718; 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) triggers calcium-mediated apoptosis in breast cancer cells, in: A.W. Norman, R. Bouillon, M. Thomasset (Eds.), Vitamin D Endocrine System: Structural, Biological, Genetic and Clinical Aspects, University of California, Riverside, 2000, pp. 399-402; Endocrine 9 (1998) 321]. This study was undertaken to investigate mechanism of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells and compare effects of the hormone on Ca(2+) and apoptosis in cancer and normal human mammary epithelial cells. The treatment of MCF-7 breast cancer cells with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) induced a sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) and activated the Ca(2+)-dependent proapoptotic proteases, micro-calpain and caspase-12, as evaluated with antibodies to active (cleaved) forms of the enzymes and the calpain substrate. The selective inhibition of Ca(2+) binding sites of micro-calpain decreased apoptotic indices in the 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-treated cells. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) did not induce apoptosis in normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMECs), as evaluated by DNA fragmentation (TUNEL), loss of the plasma membrane asymmetry (Annexin V assay) and morphological criteria. In these cells, 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) triggered a transient Ca(2+) response, which was not accompanied by the calpain and caspase activation. HMEC, but not MCF-7 cells expressed the Ca(2+) binding protein calbindin-D(28k) and buffered Ca(2+) increases induced by a Ca(2+) ionophore ionomycin. In conclusion, we have identified the novel apoptotic pathway in breast carcinoma cells treated with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3): increase in [Ca(2+)](i) -->micro-calpain activation --> caspase-12 activation --> apoptosis. Our findings also imply that differences of Ca(2+) regulatory mechanisms in breast cancer versus normal mammary epithelial cells underlay resistance of normal cells and susceptibility of cancer cells to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced Ca(2+)-mediated apoptosis.

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@article{Sergeev2004CalciumAA, title={Calcium as a mediator of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced apoptosis.}, author={Igor Sergeev}, journal={The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology}, year={2004}, volume={89-90 1-5}, pages={419-25} }