Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies

@article{Heaney2002CalciumAW,
  title={Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies},
  author={Robert Proulx Heaney and K. Michael Davies and M. Janet Barger-Lux},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2002},
  volume={21},
  pages={152S - 155S}
}
Key MethodData from six observational studies and three controlled trials in which calcium intake was the independent variable (and either bone mass or blood pressure the original outcome variable) have been reanalyzed to evaluate the effect of calcium intake on body weight and body fat. Analysis reveals a consistent effect of higher calcium intakes, expressed as lower body fat and/or body weight, and reduced weight gain at midlife. Similarly, studies relating nutrient intake to body composition report…
Calcium supplementation for 1 y does not reduce body weight or fat mass in young girls.
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Habitual dietary calcium intake was inversely associated with body fat, but a low-dose calcium supplement had no effect on body weight, height, or body fat over 1 y in young girls.
Relationship Between Calcium Intake and Anthropometric Indices
TLDR
Available data do not unequivocally support the hypothesis that a causal relationship exists between high dairy food intake and/or high dietary calcium intake and lower fat mass deposition, and daily calcium intake should, however, be encouraged to achieve optimal health.
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TLDR
There was no significant difference in weight loss in response to WM between the placebo-treated and calcium-treated groups, however, addition of calcium to the diet resulted in a lower hunger score in the Eating Inventory as well as a decrease in plasma resistin levels.
Association of Calcium Intake and Adiposity in Postmenopausal Women
TLDR
Increased calcium intake was associated with lower percent body fat and higher dairy intake wasassociated with lower fat mass in postmenopausal women, but there was no association between calcium intake and body fat distribution measures in this population.
Habitual dietary calcium intake and body weight in 7–10 year old children
TLDR
Investigation of possible associations between habitual calcium intake and body weight in a group of 7–10 years old children suggested that girls have significantly lower intakes of calcium than boys.
The influence of calcium supplement on body composition, weight loss and insulin resistance in obese adults receiving low calorie diet
TLDR
Results from this study suggest that 24 weeks of supplementation with 1000 mg ca/d did not have any effect on weight, body composition, insulin resistance and blood pressure beyond what can be achieved in an energy restricted diet in obese adults.
Normalizing calcium intake: projected population effects for body weight.
  • R. Heaney
  • Medicine, Geology
    The Journal of nutrition
  • 2003
TLDR
Although calcium intake explains only a small fraction of the variability in weight or weight gain, shifting the mean of the distributions downward by increasing calcium intake can be estimated to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity by perhaps as much as 60-80%.
Dietary calcium intake of 1200 mg-d may have negative correlation on percent body fat: A cross-sectional study
TLDR
There may be association between daily ingestion of at least 1200 mg of calcium and decreased percent body fat in premenopausal Caucasian women.
Effects of dietary calcium intake on body weight and prevalence of osteoporosis in early postmenopausal women.
TLDR
In early postmenopausal women, a low dietary calcium intake may increase the risk of osteoporosis, but its negative effect can be offset by the greater BMI found in women with a low calcium intake.
Effect of calcium intake on fat oxidation in adults: a meta‐analysis of randomized, controlled trials
TLDR
The effects of acute high calcium intake appear to point in the same direction, but further work is needed to permit a greater degree of certainty on how this effect is likely to increase rates of fat oxidation.
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