Calcium, Dairy Products and Osteoporosis

@article{Heaney2000CalciumDP,
  title={Calcium, Dairy Products and Osteoporosis},
  author={R. Heaney},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2000},
  volume={19},
  pages={83S - 99S}
}
  • R. Heaney
  • Published 2000
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disorder in which nutrition plays a role but does not account for the totality of the problem. [...] Key Result Of 52 investigator-controlled calcium intervention studies, all but two showed better bone balance at high intakes, or greater bone gain during growth, or reduced bone loss in the elderly, or reduced fracture risk. This evidence firmly establishes that high calcium intakes promote bone health.Expand
Calcium, Dairy Products, and Bone Health in Children and Young Adults: A Reevaluation of the Evidence
TLDR
Scant evidence supports nutrition guidelines focused specifically on increasing milk or other dairy product intake for promoting child and adolescent bone mineralization, and only a modestly consistent benefit for child or young adult bone health is shown. Expand
Reevaluation of the Evidence Calcium, Dairy Products, and Bone Health in Children and Young Adults: A
TLDR
Scant evidence supports nutrition guidelines focused specifically on increasing milk or other dairy product intake for promoting child and adolescent bone mineralization, and only a modestly consistent benefit for child or young adult bone health is shown. Expand
Dairy products and bone health: how strong is the scientific evidence?
TLDR
The role of dairy products for BMC or BMD has been sufficiently established in Chinese and Caucasian girls and women and in Caucasian women, drinking milk also reduces fracture risk. Expand
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TLDR
The objective of this work is to revise the relation between calcium intake and bone health, as some doubts concerning this effect still persist. Expand
Calcium prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
TLDR
The main dietary calcium sources are dairy products, but more foods and beverages, such as cereals, organge juice, and soy milk, are calcium fortified, and almost everyone could use calcium supplementation. Expand
Diet, Osteoporosis, and Fracture Prevention: The Totality of the Evidence
TLDR
In this chapter, the main micronutrients involved in bone growth, remodeling, and repair are reviewed; but bear in mind that nutrition comprises all nutrients and microns consumed as food, and as such, food is a sum of more than its component parts. Expand
Osteoporosis: the role of micronutrients.
  • J. Nieves
  • Medicine
  • The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2005
TLDR
Healthcare professionals need to be aware of the importance of adequate calcium and vitamin D intakes (easily monitored by serum 25(OH)D) for optimal bone health, as well as the prevention of falls and fractures. Expand
Protein intake and bone health.
  • J. Bonjour
  • Medicine
  • International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition
  • 2011
TLDR
There is no evidence that high protein intake per se would be detrimental for bone mass and strength, Nevertheless, it appears reasonable to avoid very high protein diets (i. e. more than 2.0 g/kg body weight/day) when associated with low calcium intake. Expand
Vegetarian diets and bone status.
  • K. Tucker
  • Medicine
  • The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2014
TLDR
There is evidence that vegetarians, and particularly vegans, may be at greater risk of lower BMD and fracture, and attention to potential shortfall nutrients through the careful selection of foods or fortified foods or the use of supplements can help ensure healthy bone status to reduce fracture risk. Expand
Osteoporosis : the role of micronutrients 1 – 4
Osteoporosis and low bone mass are currently estimated to be a major public health threat. Adequate nutrition plays a major role in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis; the micronutrients ofExpand
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The role of calcium intake as affecting bone mineral density at different stages of development and with aging is examined, with special attention to the possible stress on bone mass due to pregnancy and lactation. Expand
Effect of Calcium Supplementation as a High-Calcium Mineral Water on Bone Loss in Early Postmenopausal Women
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This study provides further evidence to support the use of a high calcium mineral water as an effective prophylaxis against postmenopausal bone loss. Expand
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The results support the concept that calcium supplementation is useful in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Expand
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The implementation of a simple public health regimen to prevent age‐related bone loss with calcium supplementation either by calcium tablet or by milk powder is supported and suggests a site‐specific effect of physical activity on bone density in addition to its possible effect to prevent fracture by maintenance of muscle strength and coordination. Expand
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It can be stated that the data support the hypothesis that adequate calcium intake through milk and milk products in childhood and adolescence is a decisive marker for obtaining a maximum bone mass (peak adult bone mass) and for the prevention of osteoporosis. Expand
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TLDR
Assessment of the effectiveness of calcium supplements and/or dietary calcium for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women supports the current clinical and public health policy of recommending increased calcium intake among older women for fracture prevention. Expand
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