Calcium, Dairy Products and Osteoporosis

  title={Calcium, Dairy Products and Osteoporosis},
  author={Robert Proulx Heaney},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  pages={83S - 99S}
  • R. Heaney
  • Published 1 April 2000
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disorder in which nutrition plays a role but does not account for the totality of the problem. [] Key Result Of 52 investigator-controlled calcium intervention studies, all but two showed better bone balance at high intakes, or greater bone gain during growth, or reduced bone loss in the elderly, or reduced fracture risk. This evidence firmly establishes that high calcium intakes promote bone health.

Calcium, Dairy Products, and Bone Health in Children and Young Adults: A Reevaluation of the Evidence

Scant evidence supports nutrition guidelines focused specifically on increasing milk or other dairy product intake for promoting child and adolescent bone mineralization, and only a modestly consistent benefit for child or young adult bone health is shown.

Reevaluation of the Evidence Calcium, Dairy Products, and Bone Health in Children and Young Adults: A

Scant evidence supports nutrition guidelines focused specifically on increasing milk or other dairy product intake for promoting child and adolescent bone mineralization, and only a modestly consistent benefit for child or young adult bone health is shown.

Dairy products and bone health: how strong is the scientific evidence?

The role of dairy products for BMC or BMD has been sufficiently established in Chinese and Caucasian girls and women and in Caucasian women, drinking milk also reduces fracture risk.

Calcium intake and osteoporosis

The objective of this work is to revise the relation between calcium intake and bone health, as some doubts concerning this effect still persist.

Calcium prevention and treatment of osteoporosis

The main dietary calcium sources are dairy products, but more foods and beverages, such as cereals, organge juice, and soy milk, are calcium fortified, and almost everyone could use calcium supplementation.

Diet, Osteoporosis, and Fracture Prevention: The Totality of the Evidence

In this chapter, the main micronutrients involved in bone growth, remodeling, and repair are reviewed; but bear in mind that nutrition comprises all nutrients and microns consumed as food, and as such, food is a sum of more than its component parts.

Osteoporosis: the role of micronutrients.

  • J. Nieves
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2005
Healthcare professionals need to be aware of the importance of adequate calcium and vitamin D intakes (easily monitored by serum 25(OH)D) for optimal bone health, as well as the prevention of falls and fractures.

Protein intake and bone health.

  • J. Bonjour
  • Medicine
    International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition
  • 2011
There is no evidence that high protein intake per se would be detrimental for bone mass and strength, Nevertheless, it appears reasonable to avoid very high protein diets (i. e. more than 2.0 g/kg body weight/day) when associated with low calcium intake.

Vegetarian diets and bone status.

  • K. Tucker
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2014
There is evidence that vegetarians, and particularly vegans, may be at greater risk of lower BMD and fracture, and attention to potential shortfall nutrients through the careful selection of foods or fortified foods or the use of supplements can help ensure healthy bone status to reduce fracture risk.

Osteoporosis : the role of micronutrients 1 – 4

Osteoporosis and low bone mass are currently estimated to be a major public health threat. Adequate nutrition plays a major role in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis; the micronutrients of



Calcium and osteoporosis.

  • C. Donangelo
  • Medicine
    Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion
  • 1997
The role of calcium intake as affecting bone mineral density at different stages of development and with aging is examined, with special attention to the possible stress on bone mass due to pregnancy and lactation.

Effect of Calcium Supplementation as a High-Calcium Mineral Water on Bone Loss in Early Postmenopausal Women

This study provides further evidence to support the use of a high calcium mineral water as an effective prophylaxis against postmenopausal bone loss.

Biochemical effects of calcium supplementation in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

The results support the concept that calcium supplementation is useful in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Milk, dietary calcium, and bone fractures in women: a 12-year prospective study.

Data do not support the hypothesis that higher consumption of milk or other food sources of calcium by adult women protects against hip or forearm fractures, and higher intakes of total dietary calcium or calcium from dairy foods were not associated with decreased risk of hip and forearm fracture.

Calcium and osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis and bone metabolic parameters in dependence upon calcium intake through milk and milk products.

It can be stated that the data support the hypothesis that adequate calcium intake through milk and milk products in childhood and adolescence is a decisive marker for obtaining a maximum bone mass (peak adult bone mass) and for the prevention of osteoporosis.

Calcium for Prevention of Osteoporotic Fractures in Postmenopausal Women

  • R. CummingM. Nevitt
  • Medicine
    Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
  • 1997
Assessment of the effectiveness of calcium supplements and/or dietary calcium for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women supports the current clinical and public health policy of recommending increased calcium intake among older women for fracture prevention.

Calcium intake and fracture risk: results from the study of osteoporotic fractures.

This study did not find a substantial beneficial effect of calcium on fracture risk, and it is more likely that the findings are due to inadequately controlled confounding by indications for use of supplements.

Calcium metabolism in postmenopausal osteoporotic women is determined by dietary calcium and coffee intake.

Patients with postmenopausal crush fracture osteoporosis were investigated using a 7-d combined calcium balance and 47Ca tracer-kinetic turnover method taking the dermal calcium loss into account, and the overall calcium balance correlated significantly to energy content and coffee intake.