The physiological significance of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was investigated by assessing the CGRP stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in various tissues of trout. The highest enzyme concentration was found in gill and stomach membranes. The maximal activity (190% of the basal value) was observed for a concentration of 53.3 nM CGRP I or II. In the presence of 58 nM sCT, the maximal enzyme activity represented 120% of the basal value. No additive effect was observed; this suggests that both CGRP and sCT activities are mediated through the same receptor. The present data are in favour of a role for this neuropeptide operating in branchial cell functions such as calcium transfer from the external to the internal milieu.