Cadmium exposure.


Cadmium exposure from industrial activities was high before 1970 owing to a lack of regulation, and cadmium pollution contaminated soil adjacent to such industrial areas. Soil contamination can lead to cadmium contamination of foods and tobacco. A good example of cadmium contamination is the Jinzu River basin in Toyama, Japan, where nephropathy and Itai… (More)
DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2011.164459