Cadmium: cellular effects, modifications of biomolecules, modulation of DNA repair and genotoxic consequences (a review).


Cadmium is an important toxic environmental heavy metal. Occupational and environmental pollution with cadmium results mainly from mining, metallurgy industry and manufactures of nickel-cadmium batteries, pigments and plastic stabilizers. Important sources of human intoxication are cigarette smoke as well as food, water and air contaminations. In humans… (More)