CYP2C19- and CYP3A4-dependent omeprazole metabolism in West Mexicans.


Omeprazole has been used as a drug probe for CYP2C19, but no systematic data are available for Mexican populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the phenotype frequencies of the CYP2C19 polymorphism in West Mexicans. Besides omeprazole, sulfone was measured to evaluate CYP3A4 after administration of the 20-mg dose to 127 healthy volunteers. Logarithms of metabolic indexes of omeprazole/hydroxyomeprazole for CYP2C19 and omeprazole/omeprazole sulfone for CYP3A4 had trimodal distributions. Five subjects (4%) had a log CYP2C19 metabolic index below -0.9, suggesting an ultra-extensive phenotype. Poor metabolizers (log metabolic index > 0.6) were 6%. For CYP3A4, 11 subjects (9%) were below -0.3 of the log metabolic index. The log metabolic index of omeprazole/omeprazole sulfone was above the antimode of 0.6 for 11% of this population. The mean log metabolic index of CYP3A4 extensive metabolizers (80%) was 0.166, which seems to be higher than the data described for Caucasians and lower than that for Asians.

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@article{Gonzlez2003CYP2C19AC, title={CYP2C19- and CYP3A4-dependent omeprazole metabolism in West Mexicans.}, author={Hector M. Gonz{\'a}lez and Elba M Romero and Alexandra Peregrina and Teresa de J Ch{\'a}vez and Estanislao Escobar-Islas and Felipe Domı́nguez Lozano and Carlos Hoyo-Vadillo}, journal={Journal of clinical pharmacology}, year={2003}, volume={43 11}, pages={1211-5} }