author={Gerald G. Marten and Janet Reid},
  booktitle={Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association},
  • G. Marten, J. Reid
  • Published in
    Journal of the American…
  • Environmental Science
ABSTRACT Cyclopoid copepods have proved more effective for practical mosquito control than any other invertebrate predator of mosquito larvae. Their operational potential is enhanced by the fact that mass production is relatively easy and inexpensive. The exceptional potential of copepods for mosquito control was first realized about 25 years ago. Since then, laboratory experiments with copepods and mosquito larvae around the world have shown: Only the larger copepod species (body length > 1.4… 

Mosquito larvae specific predation by native cyclopoid copepod species, Mesocylops aspericornis (Daday, 1906)

Large sized cyclopoid copepod species collected from local fish ponds of Ludhiana district of Punjab (India) showed mosquito specific predatory behavior, as the predatory potential against 1 instar larvae of Aedes was observed to be maximum, followed by that of Culex and Anopheles.

Climate Change May Restrict the Predation Efficiency of Mesocyclops aspericornis (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) on Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvae

The results suggest that the increase in mosquitoes will not be suppressed solely by the application of copepods if the density of mosquito larvae is high or ambient temperature is high, and need to consider additional control methods in order to maintain the efficiency ofcopepods to suppress mosquito increase.

Calanoid Copepods: An Overlooked Tool in the Control of Disease Vector Mosquitoes

Functional responses are applied to examine predation efficiencies of a recently described ephemeral pond specialist species, the freshwater calanoid copepod Lovenula raynerae, and advocate that calanoids can exert particularly marked predatory impact on lower trophic groups, and that their use in disease vector mosquito control strategies should be further explored.

Native Argentinean cyclopoids (Crustacea: Copepoda) as predators of Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes.

Copepods from La Plata, Argentina were investigated to characterize the local community of larvivorous copepods inhabiting mosquito breeding sites and to identify new predator species of the

Behavioral changes in mosquito larvae induced by copepods predation

Investigating the predation impact of the epibenthic cyclopoid copepod Megacyclops formosanus on a 30-h old mosquito larvae Aedes aegypti in a controlled environment provides a mechanistic understanding of the interaction between mosquito and cyclopoids, and shows thatcopepod predation constrains the habitat use of mosquito larvae.

Predation on the invasive mosquito Aedes japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) by native copepod species in Germany

Two Megacyclops species seem to be promising candidates for use in field studies on the biological control of Ae.

Effects of predation by the copepod Mesocyclops ogunnus on the sex ratios of mosquito Aedes albopictus

It is found that copepod predation significantly biased mosquito sex ratios toward females, and that both the males and females emerging fromCopepod-containing recipients were significantly larger than control insects.

Size, not temperature, drives cyclopoid copepod predation of invasive mosquito larvae

This work highlights the importance of size relationships in predicting interactions between invading prey and local predators, and suggests that M. viridis would be a superior predator against invasive Ae.

Elimination of Dengue by Control of Aedes Vector Mosquitoes ( Diptera : Culicidae ) Utilizing Copepods ( Copepoda : Cyclopidae )

This paper reports on the information and result of long-term laboratory and field studies on copepods (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) as predators for mosquito control inhabiting in tropic and subtropic

Arid-Adapted Paradiaptomid Copepods Contribute to Mosquito Regulation

The predatory potential of calanoid copepods for the regulation of mosquito larval populations in aquatic environments is described and it is posited that the paradiaptomids provide widespread natural mosquito biocontrol services that are enhancing disease vector regulation potential.



Laboratory and field studies of Macrocyclops albidus (Crustacea: Copepoda) for biological control of mosquitoes in artificial containers in a subtropical environment.

The cyclopoid copepod Macrocyclops albidus (Jurine) was tested as a potential biological control agent of mosquitoes in laboratory microcosms, in controlled field conditions, and in a 22-mo field experiment using discarded tires where the predator failed to establish populations at four of the experimental field sites.

Evaluation of Mesocyclops annulatus (Copepoda: Cyclopoidea) as a control agent of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Argentina.

The predation and persistence observed suggest that M. annulatus is a potential control agent to be considered in biological control programs.

Copepod predation on Anopheles quadrimaculatus larvae in rice fields.

  • G. MartenM. NguyenG. Ngo
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of vector ecology : journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
  • 2000
It is concluded that introducing select species of copepods and encouraging their populations offer possibilities for contributing to Anopheles control in rice fields.

Laboratory evaluation of Mesocyclops annulatus (Wierzejski, 1892) (Copepoda: Cyclopidea) as a predator of container-breeding mosquitoes in Argentina.

In laboratory bioassays, the predatory capacity of the copepod Mesocyclops annulatus on Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens larvae was tested and 100% mortality was recorded from 1 to 25 larvae, then mortality declined to 30% with 100 larvae.

Laboratory evaluation of Brazilian Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) for mosquito control.

M. longisetus has been selected for field trials in rural villages in Ceará to control Ae.

Evaluation of Mesocyclops aspericornis (Cyclopoida:Cyclopidae) and Toxorhynchites speciosus as integrated predators of mosquitoes in tire habitats in Queensland.

The inability of the Lake Kurwongbah strain of M. aspericornis to tolerate temperatures of < or = 10 degrees C, which are prevalent in Brisbane during winter, resulted in a failure to deliver persistent reduction of mosquitoes in tires.

Philippine Species of Mesocyclops (Crustacea: Copepoda) as a Biological Control Agent of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus)

The findings indicated that M. aspericornis females were good biological control agents, for they destroyed/consumed about two-thirds of the wild dengue mosquito larvae population.

Evaluation of Australian Mesocyclops (Cyclopoida: Cyclopidae) for mosquito control.

M. aspericornis (L. Kurwongbah) proved to be the most effective Queensland predator and exhibited an elevated reproductive rate at 20-25 degrees C and has been selected for small-scale field trials in Queensland.

Predation on mosquito larvae by Mesocyclops thermocyclopoides (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) in the presence of alternate prey

The results point to the potential and promise of M. thermocyclopoides as a biological agent for controlling larval populations of vectorially important mosquito species.

Field evaluation of Mesocyclops longisetus (Copepoda: Cyclopoidea) for the control of larval Aedes aegypti (Diptera Culicidae) in northeastern Mexico.

This study shows difficulties of using cyclopoids for tires and vases in areas where prolonged dry seasons desiccated these habitats and reduced copepod survival.