Low Serum Cartonectin/CTRP3 Concentrations in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: In Vivo Regulation of Cartonectin by Glucose
CTRP3/cartducin, a novel secretory protein, is a member of the C1q and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related protein (CTRP) superfamily. CTRP3/cartducin gene is transiently up-regulated in a balloon-injured rat carotid artery tissue. In this study, we report a new function of CTRP3/cartducin as a regulator of angiogenic processes. CTRP3/cartducin promoted proliferation and migration of mouse endothelial MSS31 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Further, stimulation of MSS31 by CTRP3/cartducin led to activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). MAPK/ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor, U0126, and p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580, blocked the CTRP3/cartducin-induced cell proliferation, and migration was blocked by U0126, but not the SB203580. Taken together, these results suggest that CTRP3/cartducin may be involved as a novel angiogenic factor in the formation of neointima following angioplasty.