The Common Chymotrypsinogen C (CTRC) Variant G60G (C.180T) Increases Risk of Chronic Pancreatitis But Not Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis in a North American Population
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the presence of p.G60 = polymorphism (c.180C > T; rs497078) CTRC and the incidence together with the clinical course of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS Two hundred ninety-nine people suffering from AP and 417 healthy volunteers were subjected to the study. DNA was isolated from blood samples. RESULTS CTRC p.G60 = polymorphism (c.180C > T) occurred more frequently in the AP group (p = 0.015). The CT and TT genotype was found in 27.8% of the AP patients and in 19.9% of the healthy subjects (p = 0.017). No significant correlation was found between having the CT and TT genotype and the severity of the AP clinical course. In 6 patients (2%) with the CT genotype, a SPINK1 gene mutation was found, while in the control group it was found in 3 patients (0.7%), (p > 0.05). All patients with the present SPINK1 mutation with the CT genotype had a moderate or a severe course of the disease (p = 0.0007). CONCLUSIONS CTRC polymorphism Hetero p.G60=; c.180C > T increases the risk of an AP occurrence and together with the SPINK 1 mutation, may be responsible for a more severe course of the disease.