CTLA-4 ablation and interleukin-12 driven differentiation synergistically augment cardiac pathogenicity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes.


CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes contribute to viral and autoimmune myocarditis and cardiac allograft rejection. The role of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA)-4 as a negative regulator of CD4+ T cells is well defined, yet CTLA-4 regulation of CD8+ T cells is less clear. We studied CTLA-4 regulation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in a transgenic model… (More)


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