CT imaging of blunt chest trauma

@article{Oikonomou2011CTIO,
  title={CT imaging of blunt chest trauma},
  author={Anastasia Oikonomou and Panos Prassopoulos},
  journal={Insights into Imaging},
  year={2011},
  volume={2},
  pages={281 - 295}
}
BackgroundThoracic injury overall is the third most common cause of trauma following injury to the head and extremities. Thoracic trauma has a high morbidity and mortality, accounting for approximately 25% of trauma-related deaths, second only to head trauma. More than 70% of cases of blunt thoracic trauma are due to motor vehicle collisions, with the remainder caused by falls or blows from blunt objects.MethodsThe mechanisms of injury, spectrum of abnormalities and radiological findings… 
Radiologic findings of thoracic trauma
TLDR
Multidetector computed tomography images may yield a high prevalence of fracture of bony structures, soft tissue lacerations, and vascular lesions, which should be well understood by radiologists dealing with trauma.
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TLDR
In this chapter, imaging findings, natural history, and treatment of different traumatic conditions included in chest trauma such as rib fractures, first rib and lateral Rib fractures, costochondral injuries, flail chest, sternal fractures, sternochondrals injuries, and sternoclavicular dislocation are treated.
Evaluation of Blunt Chest Trauma with Multidetector Computed Tomography
TLDR
Blunt trauma to the chest leads to significant mortality and morbidity worldwide and the imaging modality of choice for patients with chest trauma is multidetector CT due to its wide availability, rapid access, and use of standardized protocols.
Lung/Pleural Injuries
TLDR
This chapter will consider the main pleural and lung lesions and the injuries caused by open trauma, consisting mainly in dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, chest pain and, in very critical cases, in severe hypoxia or shock.
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TLDR
Blunt chest trauma is a significant problem affecting predominantly males in their forties and it is usually caused by a motor vehicle accident, in case of pneumomediastinum or mediastinal haematoma, the use of 3D reconstructions is advised for diagnosing possible tracheobronchial ruptures and thoracic aorta injuries.
Imaging of Combat-Related Thoracic Trauma - Blunt Trauma and Blast Lung Injury.
TLDR
The assessment of radiologic findings in patients who suffer from combat-related blunt thoracic trauma and blast injury is the basis of this work and MDCT of the chest is a superior imaging modality in diagnosing and evaluating pulmonary contusion.
Role of CT in Assessment of Blunt Chest Trauma
TLDR
The information provided by MDCT may lead to critical changes in patients’ management, so that clinicians, radiologists, and radiology residents should be familiar with the different aspects of MDCT evaluation of this non-negligible group of patients.
The Role of Computed Tomography in the Diagnostics of Diaphragmatic Injury After Blunt Thoraco-Abdominal Trauma
TLDR
The knowledge of the CT findings suggesting diaphragmatic rupture improves the detection of injuries in thoraco-abdominal trauma patients.
Imaging of Combat-Related Thoracic Trauma - Review of Penetrating Trauma.
TLDR
The distinct injury pattern and atypical imaging manifestations of penetrating trauma are important to recognize early due to the acuity of this patient population and the influence of accurate diagnosis on clinical management.
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