CT-Guided Screw Fixation of Vertical Sacral Fractures in Local Anaesthesia Using a Standard CT CT-kontrollierte Schraubenosteosynthese von vertikalen Frakturen des hinteren Beckenringes in Lokalanästhesie

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate time efficiency, radiation dose, precision and complications of percutaneous iliosacral screw placement under CT-guidance in local anaesthesia. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 143 interventions in 135 patients during a period of 42 months. Implant failures could be evaluated in 85/182 screws and bony healing or refracturing in 46/182 screws. Results: A total of 182 iliosacral screw placements in 179 vertical sacral fractures (105 unilateral, 37 bilateral) took place in 135 patients. 166/179 of the sacral fractures were detected in Denis zone 1, 10 in Denis zone 2 and 3 in Denis zone 3. No screw misplacements including the simultaneous bilateral procedures were noted. The average time for a unilateral screw placement was 23 minutes (range: 14–52 minutes) and 35 minutes (range: 21–60 minutes) for simultaneous bilateral screwing. The dose length product was 365 mGy× cm (range: 162–1014 mGy× cm) for the unilateral and 470mGy× cm (range: 270–1271 mGy× cm) for the bilateral procedure. 1 gluteal bleeding occurred as the only acute minor complication (0.7 %). Fracture healing was verified with follow-up CTs in 42/46 sacral fractures after screw placement. Backing out occurred in 12/85 screws between 6 and 69 days after intervention. In 8 patients contralateral stress fractures were detected after unilateral screw placement between day 10 and 127 (average: 48 days). Conclusion: CT-guided iliosacral screw placement in sacral fractures is a safe tool providing a very high precision. The radiation dose is in the order of a diagnostic CT of the pelvis for both unilateral and bilateral screws. Contralateral stress fractures in unilateral screw placements have to be considered during the first weeks after intervention. Key Points: ▶ Sacral fractures are frequent in the elderly and are often only detected in CT or MRI. ▶ CT-guided screw placement is a precise and time-efficient procedure in non-dislocated vertical fractures of the sacral wings. ▶ Contralateral stress fractures may occur after unilateral screw placements. Citation Format: ▶ Reuther G, Röhner U,Will T et al. CT-Guided Screw Fixation of Vertical Sacral Fractures in Local Anaesthesia Using a Standard CT . Fortschr Röntgenstr 2014; 186: 1134–1139

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Reuther2014CTGuidedSF, title={CT-Guided Screw Fixation of Vertical Sacral Fractures in Local Anaesthesia Using a Standard CT CT-kontrollierte Schraubenosteosynthese von vertikalen Frakturen des hinteren Beckenringes in Lokalanästhesie}, author={Gerd Reuther and U. R{\"{o}hner and Ted Will and I. Dehne and U. Petereit}, year={2014} }