author={Adriaan D de Jongh and Patricia A. Resick and Lori A Zoellner and Agnes van Minnen and Christopher W. Lee and Candice M Monson and Edna B. Foa and Kathleen Wheeler and Erik ten Broeke and Norah C Feeny and Sheila A.M. Rauch and Kathleen M. Chard and Kim T. Mueser and Denise M. Sloan and Mark van der Gaag and Barbara O. Rothbaum and Frank Neuner and Carlijn de Roos and Lieve Hehenkamp and Rita Rosner and Iva A E Bicanic},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
According to current treatment guidelines for Complex PTSD (cPTSD), psychotherapy for adults with cPTSD should start with a “stabilization phase.” This phase, focusing on teaching self‐regulation strategies, was designed to ensure that an individual would be better able to tolerate trauma‐focused treatment. The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the research underlying these treatment guidelines for cPTSD, and to specifically address the question as to whether a phase‐based… 

Promising Directions for Treating Comorbid PTSD and Substance Use Disorder.

There is a growing body of literature showing that individuals who were previously considered too fragile for TF PTSD interventions because of a variety of comorbidities are able to engage in and benefit from such treatment.

Complex PTSD and treatment outcomes in TF-CBT for youth: a naturalistic study

ABSTRACT Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) has recently been added to the ICD-11 diagnostic system for classification of diseases. The new disorder adds three symptom clusters

Trauma-focused treatment outcome for complex PTSD patients: results of an intensive treatment programme

The results are supportive of the notion that the majority of patients classified as having CPTSD strongly benefit from an intensive trauma-focused treatment for their PTSD.

Evaluating the effectiveness of phase-oriented treatment models for PTSD—A meta-analysis.

Results concurred with previous literature supporting the effectiveness of Phase-Oriented models for PTSD symptoms but limitations existed in finding appropriate definitions of the model, symptom severity, appropriate control groups, and generalising findings.

Written Exposure Therapy: The Case for Latinos

PET can be effectively modified during treatment to include written exposures if the client cannot participate in imaginal exposure and such treatment may be effective for Latinos experiencing posttraumatic stress, and cultural and logistical factors affecting client participation and utilization of services should be addressed in treatment.

The impact of brief intensive trauma-focused treatment for PTSD on symptoms of borderline personality disorder

The results suggest that an intensive trauma-focused treatment is a feasible and safe treatment for PTSD patients with clinically elevated symptoms of BPD, and that BPD symptoms decrease along with the PTSD symptoms.

Phase-based approaches for treating complex trauma: a critical evaluation and case for implementation in the Australian context

ABSTRACT Phase-based approaches are a recommended treatment option for individuals with complex trauma histories; however, this is based on a limited body of empirical evidence. Phase-based

Beyond Binary Thinking: Providing Best Practice Treatment to Veterans with PTSD

In "Written Exposure Therapy as Step One in Reducing the Burden of PTSD: The Composite Cases of "Alex,' 'Bruno,' and 'Charles'"(Austern, 2017), I presented three composite case study examples of how

A protocol for managing dissociative symptoms in refugee populations

Abstract This article describes a clinical protocol for supporting those presenting with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociative symptoms, particularly dissociative flashbacks, based



Treatment of complex PTSD: results of the ISTSS expert clinician survey on best practices.

The survey results provide a strong rationale for conducting research focusing on the relative merits of traditional trauma-focused therapies and sequenced multicomponent approaches applied to different patient populations with a range of symptom profiles.

A critical evaluation of the complex PTSD literature: implications for DSM-5.

It is concluded that available evidence does not support a new diagnostic category for complex posttraumatic stress disorder at this time, and some directions for future research are suggested.

Treatment for PTSD related to childhood abuse: a randomized controlled trial.

For a PTSD population with chronic and early-life trauma, a phase-based skills-to-exposure treatment was associated with greater benefits and fewer adverse effects than treatments that excluded either skills training or exposure.

Is Exposure Necessary? A Randomized Clinical Trial of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for PTSD.

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), which has demonstrated antidepressant efficacy and shown promise in pilot PTSD research as a non-exposure-based non-cognitive-behavioral PTSD treatment, was tested as a gold-standard treatment for PTSD.

Examining potential contraindications for prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD

Examination of the evidence for or against the use of PE with patients with problems that often co-occur with PTSD, including dissociation, borderline personality disorder, psychosis, suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injury, substance use disorders, and major depression concludes that PE can be safely and effectively used.

A randomized clinical trial to dismantle components of cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in female victims of interpersonal violence.

Patients in all 3 treatments improved substantially on PTSD and depression, the primary measures, and improved on other indices of adjustment, but there were significant group differences in symptom reduction during the course of treatment whereby the CPT-C condition reported greater improvement in PTSD than the WA condition.

Randomized trial of prolonged exposure for posttraumatic stress disorder with and without cognitive restructuring: outcome at academic and community clinics.

Treatment in the hands of counselors with minimal cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) experience was as efficacious as that of CBT experts and treatment gains were maintained at follow-up, although a minority of patients received additional treatment.

When do trauma experts choose exposure therapy for PTSD patients? A controlled study of therapist and patient factors.