CP-recursion in Danish: A cP/CP-analysis

  title={CP-recursion in Danish: A cP/CP-analysis},
  author={Anne Mette Nyvad and Ken Ramsh{\o}j Christensen and Sten Vikner},
  journal={The Linguistic Review},
  pages={449 - 477}
Abstract Based on data from extraction, embedded V2, and complementizer stacking, this paper proposes a cP/CP-analysis of CP-recursion in Danish. Because extraction can be shown to be possible from relative clauses, wh-islands, and adverbial clauses, and given that long extraction is successive-cyclic, an extra specifier position has to be available as an escape hatch. Consequently, such extractions require a CP-recursion analysis, as has been argued for embedded V2 and for complementizer… 
CP-recursion and the derivation of verb second in Germanic main and embedded clauses
his paper will give an overview of the verb second (V2) phenomenon, as found in both main and embedded clauses in Germanic, and it will also explore a particular derivation of (embedded) V2, in terms
No escape from the island: On extraction from complement wh-clauses in English
In theoretical syntax, English complement wh-clause are considered syntactic islands which block extraction in an asymmetric way: Argument extraction is more acceptable than adjunct extraction.
CP Complements to D
Despite their apparent simplicity, the structure of DPs containing “complement” CPs (what we will call DCs) has long been obscure. One major strand of investigation has attempted to assimilate DCs to
Extraction from English RCs and Cross-Linguistic Similarities in the Environments That Facilitate Extraction
In the first two decades following Ross’s Constraints on Variables in Syntax, a picture emerged in which the Mainland Scandinavian (MS) languages appeared to systematically evade some of the locality
1 Unbounded Dependency Constructions in Germanic
Such dependencies are thus usually filler-gap dependencies with the fronted XP being (usually, but see sections 4.4 and 4.5 below) overt and the position it originates from being phonologically
Island Extractions in the Wild: A Corpus Study of Adjunct and Relative Clause Islands in Danish and English
Adjuncts and relative clauses are traditionally classified as strong islands for extraction across languages. However, the Mainland Scandinavian (MSc.) languages have been reported to differ from
Two perspectives on V 2 The invited talks of the DGfS 2016 workshop “ V 2 in grammar and processing : Its causes and its consequences ”
This paper will give an overview of the verb second (V2) phenomenon, as found in both main and embedded clauses in Germanic, and it will also explore a particular derivation of (embedded) V2, in
Christiane Müller, Permeable Islands: A Contrastive Study of Swedish and English Adjunct Clause Extraction (Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap A80). Lund: Lund University, 2019. Pp. 283.
In this doctoral thesis, Christiane Müller takes on one of the major issues that has shaped much of modern formal linguistic research, namely long-distance dependencies. These dependencies have been
Variation in adjunct islands: The case of Norwegian
Abstract Finite adjunct clauses are often assumed to be among the strongest islands for filler–gap dependency creation cross-linguistically, but Kush, Lohndal & Sprouse (2019) found experimental
On the relation between adjunction and type A coordination
On the relation between adjunction and type A coordination Ad Neeleman and Misako Tanaka (UCL) Ross (1967) already observed that the coordinate structure constraint can be violated in certain


A minimalist analysis of syntactic islands
An account of island effects within the Minimalist Program presents a challenge, since assuming the Minimal Link Condition (MLC) as the only locality constraint on movement, as is done in the
Escape from the Island: Grammaticality and (Reduced) Acceptability of wh-island Violations in Danish
Two acceptability judgment experiments on long and short wh-movement and wh-extraction from wh-islands in Danish reveal no adjunct/argument asymmetry and training effects reveal that island violations, though degraded, are grammatical in Danish.
The Licensing of CP-recursion and its Relevance to the Germanic Verb-Second Phenomenon
One of the central predictions of this analysis is that v/2 should be limited to clauses in which the C position is empty at d-structure, as in matrix sentences and in a limited range of subordinate
Embedded V2 in Norwegian and Swedish
It is argued that a syntactic Force head is responsible for the illocutionary force as well as for the V2 order, and the syntax and the semantics of embedded V2 clauses are closely tied together.
The Verb Always Leaves IP in V2 Clauses
The verb-second (V2) phenomenon, as it is found in the Germanic languages, has been the focus of much attention within recent syntactic research. In most of the literature on V2 (e.g., den Besten
Acceptability and processing of long-distance dependencies in Danish
It is concluded that under the conditions investigated extraction from adverbial clauses in Danish is associated with a processing cost and very low acceptability ratings, despite semantic cohesion.
The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery
Under current assumptions, the structural representation of a clause consists of three kinds of structural layers, each layer an instantiation of the X-bar schema: 1. The lexical layer, headed
Extraction from adjuncts and the structure of events
On the nature of escapable relative islands
It is generally assumed that universal island constraints block extraction from relative clauses. However, it is well-known that such extractions can be acceptable in the Scandinavian languages. Kush