author={Ho To and R Sakai and Kazutoshi Shirota and C Kano and Satomi Abe and T Sugimoto and K Takehara and Çhiharu Morita and Ikuo Takashima and Tomoko Maruyama and T. Yamaguchi and Hideto Fukushi and Katsuya Hirai},
  booktitle={Journal of Wildlife Diseases},
  • H. ToR. Sakai K. Hirai
  • Published in Journal of Wildlife Diseases 1 April 1998
  • Biology, Environmental Science
Serological evidence of infection with Coxiella burnetii was found in 41 (2%) of 1,951 domestic birds and in 167 (19%) of 863 wild birds from 17 and 5 prefectures in Japan, respectively, by microagglutination (MA) test. The bacteriological evidence of the infection was found in 17 (41%) of 41 domestic birds and 37 (22%) of 167 wild birds by the nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In addition, C. burnetii was isolated from five each of serum, spleen and fecal specimens from five jungle crows… 

Detection of Coxiella burnetii DNA in Peridomestic and Wild Animals and Ticks in an Endemic Region (Canary Islands, Spain).

Results suggest that, in the Canary Islands, C. burnetii develops in a peridomestic rather than a wild cycle.

Molecular investigation of the occurrence of Coxiella burnetii in wildlife and ticks in an endemic area.

Coxiella burnetii in ticks and wild birds.

Diversity and global distribution of the Coxiella intracellular bacterium in seabird ticks.

Carriage of Rickettsia spp., Coxiella burnetii and Anaplasma spp. by endemic and migratory wild birds and their ectoparasites in Cyprus.

  • I. IoannouD. Chochlakis A. Psaroulaki
  • Biology
    Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
  • 2009
According to a rough estimate, nearly a quarter of a billion migratory birds fly through the island during the two periods of migration, thus supporting the role of the island as a stopover of great importance.

Advances in the Understandingof Coxiella burnetiiInfection i Japan

The epidemiology of the disease along with seme characteristics of isotates of C. burnetii in Japan is summarized in five seclions, i,e,, eoxiellosis, Q fever, rnodes of spread of the ififection, laboratory diagnosis of the infection and some recent, unpublished data are included.

Seroepidemiologic survey in Thailand of Coxiella burnetii infection in cattle and chickens and presence in ticks attached to dairy cattle.

Results indicated that infestation of C. burnetii among cattle and chickens is considerably low in Thailand, and coxiella DNA was detected in two of 102 engorged Rhipicephalus microplus ticks attached to dairy cattle.

Potential Role of Birds in the Epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii, Coxiella-like Agents and Hepatozoon spp.

Birds may be involved in the epidemiology of infectious and/or parasitic diseases which affect mammals, including humans, and would act as carriers of infected ticks and, when Hepatozoon americanum is involved, as paratenic hosts, as well.




Serum samples from 15 species of rodents and 33 species of birds were tested for agglutinins against Coxiella burnetii by the microagglutination test and there was a tendency for the seropositive animals to have been collected in the vicinity of endemically infected livestock.

Isolation of Coxiella burnetii from Dairy Cattle and Ticks, and Some Characteristics of the Isolates in Japan

The results of isolation suggested a high prevalence of Coxiella infection in dairy cattle with reproductive problems in Japan and 12 strains suggested that these strains are associated with an acute form of Q fever.

Prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii in Japan

Antibody prevalence was high for healthy humans living in close contact with animals (e.g., veterinarians and meat-processing workers), and the rates differed forhealthy humans and respiratory-disorder patients.

Q-fever Antibodies in Birds 1

Serum samples were obtained from 307 birds collected on a sheep range and a nearby dairy farm in northern California and the birds with the highest antibody prevalence were the carrion eating birds and those birds that live and feed in close proximity to infected livestock.

Serological Evidence that the Q Fever Agent (Coxiella burnetii) Has Spread Widely among Dairy Cattle of Japan

The results suggest an increase in the number of infected cows with C. burnetii in Japan since 1954, and imply the possibility of the prevalence of acute Q fever in the human population, which had been underestimated and undiagnosed for the last three decades.

[The behavior of the Q-fever agent, Coxiella burnetii, in birds. 3. Experimental infection of quail].

In the majority of birds agglutinating antibodies could be demonstrated from the 18th day up to termination of the experiment 66 days after infection, and C. burnetii was found in various organs up to 21 days after infections.

Retrospective survey of chronic Q fever in Japan by using PCR to detect Coxiella burnetii DNA in paraffin-embedded clinical samples

PCR was used to detect Coxiella burnetii DNA in paraffin-embedded tissues obtained from patients with chronic endocarditis in which the etiological agent had been unknown, and five samples from four patients were found to be positive.

Sero-epidemiology of Q-fever in poultry.

The sero-epidemiology of Q-fever was studied by capillary agglutination test at 25 poultry farms in the Nainital and Ajmer districts of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and the breed difference and comparatively high infection rates in poultry attendants of a Q-Fever-positive farm are discussed.

A heat shock operon in Coxiella burnetti produces a major antigen homologous to a protein in both mycobacteria and Escherichia coli

A gene library from the DNA of Coxiella burnetii has been constructed in the cosmid vector pHC79, and a particular clone reacted strongly withcoxiella-specific antibodies elicited in a number of different species of animals, suggesting it may serve as an efficacious vaccine against C. burningetii and other pathogenic microorganisms that express the conserved antigen.