COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife

  title={COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife},
  author={Christian Rutz and Matthias-Claudio Loretto and Amanda E. Bates and Sarah C. Davidson and Carlos M. Duarte and Walter Jetz and Mark Johnson and Akiko Kato and Roland W. Kays and Thomas Mueller and Richard B. Primack and Yan Ropert‐Coudert and Marlee A. Tucker and Martin Wikelski and Francesca Cagnacci},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
Reduced human mobility during the pandemic will reveal critical aspects of our impact on animals, providing important guidance on how best to share space on this crowded planet. 

Studying pauses and pulses in human mobility and their environmental impacts

  • C. Rutz
  • Biology
    Nature Reviews Earth & Environment
  • 2022
A classification scheme enables robust comparative analyses of pauses and pulses in human mobility — from anthropauses to anthropulses — providing invaluable insights into anthropogenic environmental impacts.

Behavior of Wildlife Species in Urban Areas to Changing Conditions during COVID-19 Lockdowns: A Review

ABSTRACT The COVID-19 crisis remains an international health disaster with serious impacts on health and business. As countries asked, and continue to ask, their human populations to stay at home to

Conservation physiology and the COVID-19 pandemic

The conservation physiology toolbox can be used to characterize the Anthropause, mitigate the zoonotij aayc outbreaks and address the emerging issues to help guide decision makers during the important post-COVID transition and economic recovery.

How Is Wildlife Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic? Lockdown Effect on the Road Mortality of Hedgehogs

It was shown that hedgehog roadkill levels during the lockdown period were over 50% lower, which may mean at least tens of thousands of hedgehogs have survived on a national scale, and the need to start intensive research on the possible demographic and genetic effects of this unique phenomenon.

Influence of the COVID‐19 pandemic on amphibian road mortality

The COVID‐19 pandemic and its related human activity shutdowns provide unique opportunities for biodiversity monitoring through what has been termed the “anthropause” or the “great human confinement

The COVID-19 lockdowns: a window into the Earth System

Restrictions to reduce human interaction have helped to avoid greater suffering and death from the COVID-19 pandemic, but have also created socioeconomic hardship. This disruption is unprecedented in

Lockdown policy effects on invasive species: a perspective

ABSTRACT Changes in human activities caused by the COVID-19 pandemic can have multiple effects on biodiversity but there is limited knowledge of how this can impact invasive alien species (IAS).

Contrasting effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on urban birds’ reproductive success in two cities

This study supports that intensified human disturbance can have adverse fitness consequences in urban populations and highlights that a few months of ‘anthropause’ is not enough to counterweight the detrimental impacts of urbanization on local wildlife populations.



A COVID-19 recovery for climate

In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, countries are launching economic recovery programs to mitigate unemployment and stabilize core industries, presenting a strategic opportunity to transition toward a more sustainable post–CO VID-19 world.

The influence of human disturbance on wildlife nocturnality

A global study of anthropogenic effects on mammal diel activity patterns, conducting a meta-analysis of 76 studies of 62 species from six continents revealed a strong effect of humans on daily patterns of wildlife activity.

Impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on biodiversity conservation

Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements

Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, it is found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in area with a low human footprint.

Research opportunities in pandemic lockdown

Simple study designs in ecology produce inaccurate estimates of biodiversity responses

It is found that increasing sample size substantially increases the accuracy of BACI designs but only increases the precision of simpler designs around a biased estimate; only by using more robust designs can accuracy increase.

Effects of Recreation on Animals Revealed as Widespread through a Global Systematic Review

A systematic review of the scientific literature found that, counter to public perception, non-motorized activities had more evidence for a negative effect of recreation than motorized activities, with effects observed 1.2 times more frequently than other types of recreation.

Mobile phone data for informing public health actions across the COVID-19 pandemic life cycle

It is argued that mobile phone data, when used properly and carefully, represents a critical arsenal of tools for supporting public health actions across early-, middle-, and late-stage phases of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Support early-career field researchers

Policy-makers and institutions are urged to provide funding opportunities for early-career researchers to recover from disruptions, and to focus on protecting graduate students and postdocs, as the loss of a year's data can affect their ability to complete dissertations or acquire jobs.