COPD: epidemiology, prevalence, morbidity and mortality, and disease heterogeneity.

  title={COPD: epidemiology, prevalence, morbidity and mortality, and disease heterogeneity.},
  author={David M Mannino},
  volume={121 5 Suppl},
COPD continues to cause a heavy health and economic burden both in the United States and around the world. Some of the risk factors for COPD are well-known and include smoking, occupational exposures, air pollution, airway hyperresponsiveness, asthma, and certain genetic variations, although many questions, such as why < 20% of smokers develop significant airway obstruction, remain. Precise definitions of COPD vary and are frequently dependent on an accurate diagnosis of the problem by a… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 13 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 245 extracted citations

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…