CONFIDENCE LIMITS ON PHYLOGENIES: AN APPROACH USING THE BOOTSTRAP

@article{Felsenstein1985CONFIDENCELO,
  title={CONFIDENCE LIMITS ON PHYLOGENIES: AN APPROACH USING THE BOOTSTRAP},
  author={Joseph Felsenstein},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1985},
  volume={39}
}
The recently‐developed statistical method known as the “bootstrap” can be used to place confidence intervals on phylogenies. It involves resampling points from one's own data, with replacement, to create a series of bootstrap samples of the same size as the original data. Each of these is analyzed, and the variation among the resulting estimates taken to indicate the size of the error involved in making estimates from the original data. In the case of phylogenies, it is argued that the proper… 

CONFIDENCE LIMITS ON PHYLOGENIES: THE BOOTSTRAP REVISITED.

  • M. Sanderson
  • Biology
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 1989
Additional applications of the bootstrap are proposed which provide useful information about phylogeny even when many clades are found not to be supported with confidence, and the distinction between hypotheses about membership in particular clades and hypotheses about entire topologies is discussed.

CONFIDENCE LIMITS ON PHYLOGENIES: THE BOOTSTRAP REVISITED

Additional applications of the bootstrap are proposed which provide useful information about phylogeny even when many clades are found not to be supported with confidence, and the distinction between hypotheses about membership in particular clades and hypotheses about entire topologies is discussed.

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    Molecular biology and evolution
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