CONCEPT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PARTICIPATION AND EMPOWERMENT: REFLECTION FROM THE COFFEE IPM-SECP

@inproceedings{Iqbal2007CONCEPTAI,
  title={CONCEPT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PARTICIPATION AND EMPOWERMENT: REFLECTION FROM THE COFFEE IPM-SECP},
  author={Muhammad Iqbal},
  year={2007}
}
Participation and empowerment are two important keywords in agricultural development program. One of the agricultural programs that considerably implemented through farmer's participation towards empowerment is Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This article reviews the reflection of the concepts and implementations of farmer's participation and empowerment in the coffee Integrated Pest Management for Smallholder Estate Crops (IPM-SECP). It can be explained that farmers were participated only in… CONTINUE READING

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