COMPETITIVE DISPLACEMENT OF NATIVE MUD SNAILS BY INTRODUCED PERIWINKLES IN THE NEW ENGLAND INTERTIDAL ZONE.

@article{Brenchley1983COMPETITIVEDO,
  title={COMPETITIVE DISPLACEMENT OF NATIVE MUD SNAILS BY INTRODUCED PERIWINKLES IN THE NEW ENGLAND INTERTIDAL ZONE.},
  author={G. A. Brenchley and James T. Carlton},
  journal={The Biological bulletin},
  year={1983},
  volume={165 3},
  pages={
          543-558
        }
}
During the nineteenth century the mud snail Ilyanassa obsoleta was abundant on sand and mud flats, wood works, sea walls, salt marshes, eel grass beds, and cobble beaches in New England. With the exception of sand and mud flats, these habitats are now largely occupied by the introduced periwinkle, Littorina littorea. To determine whether Littorina competitively displaces Ilyanassa, an experimental study was conducted at a site in Barnstable Harbor, Massachusetts where the observed distributions… 

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