COMMOTIO CORDIS: THE SINGLE, MOST COMMON CAUSE OF TRAUMATIC DEATH IN YOUTH BASEBALL

@article{Abrunzo1991COMMOTIOCT,
  title={COMMOTIO CORDIS: THE SINGLE, MOST COMMON CAUSE OF TRAUMATIC DEATH IN YOUTH BASEBALL},
  author={Thomas J. Abrunzo},
  journal={Pediatric Emergency Care},
  year={1991},
  volume={6},
  pages={221}
}
  • T. Abrunzo
  • Published 1 September 1990
  • Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Care
Two cases of blunt chest trauma caused by a baseball are reported, including one death. At least one of these was in consequence of cardiac concussion or commotio cordis, an entity not described in teh pediatric literature. Concussion of the heart is a functional injury, in contrast to cardiac contusion or cardiac rupture, which pertains to structural injury. However, a cardiac concussion appears more likely to have immediate, dire consequences than the structural injury of cardiac contusion… 
Clinical Profile of Commotio Cordis: An Under Appreciated Cause of Sudden Death in the Young During Sports and Other Activities
TLDR
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This work presents three cases from the north-east of England where an assault caused death by commotio cordis, a recognised cause of sudden death in which an apparently minor blow to the chest causes ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest.
A Case of Commotio Cordis
TLDR
A case of ventricular fibrillation that occurred after a light blunt trauma to the chest wall is reported that occurred during sports games, like baseball, ice-hockey and soft balls in young children.
Clinical profile and spectrum of commotio cordis.
TLDR
The expanded spectrum of commotio cordis illustrates the potential dangers implicit in striking the chest, regardless of the intent or force of the blow and suggests that the safety of young athletes will be enhanced by developing more effective preventive strategies to achieve protection from ventricular fibrillation following precordial blows.
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