CMOS image sensors

  title={CMOS image sensors},
  author={Abbas El Gamal and Helmy Eltoukhy},
  journal={IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine},
In this article, we provide a basic introduction to CMOS image-sensor technology, design and performance limits and present recent developments and future directions in this area. We also discuss image-sensor operation and describe the most popular CMOS image-sensor architectures. We note the main non-idealities that limit CMOS image sensor performance, and specify several key performance measures. One of the most important advantages of CMOS image sensors over CCDs is the ability to integrate… 

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