CLINICAL ETHICS Gaps, conflicts, and consensus in the ethics statements of professional associations, medical groups, and health plans


Background: Patients today interact with physicians, physician groups, and health plans, each of which may follow distinct ethical guidelines. Method: We systematically compared physician codes of ethics with ethics policies at physician group practices and health plans, using the 1998–99 policies of 38 organisations—18 medical associations (associations… (More)


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