CIRCASSIAN REFUGEES AND THE MAKING OF AMMAN, 1878–1914

@article{HamedTroyansky2017CIRCASSIANRA,
  title={CIRCASSIAN REFUGEES AND THE MAKING OF AMMAN, 1878–1914},
  author={Vladimir Hamed-Troyansky},
  journal={International Journal of Middle East Studies},
  year={2017},
  volume={49},
  pages={605 - 623}
}
Abstract In the final decades of Ottoman rule, several waves of refugees from the Russian Empire's North Caucasus region immigrated to Transjordan, where they founded Amman and other agricultural villages. This article examines the economy of Amman in its formative years as a Circassian refugee settlement. By exploring connections between North Caucasian refugees, Syrian and Palestinian merchants, and Transjordanian urban and nomadic communities, this study posits refugees as drivers of… 

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