author={Anthony Swift and T R Swift},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  • A. SwiftT. Swift
  • Published 1 October 1976
  • Environmental Science
  • Medical Journal of Australia
Ciguatera is a type of marine food poisoning produced by the consumption of ciguatoxic reef fish. The disease is of significant concern in many tropical areas where it has been known for centuries. Although mortality from ciguatera is low, morbidity is high and symptoms may be debilitating and prolonged. Ciguatera produces characteristic gastrointestinal, neurological, and to a lesser extent, cardiovascular symptoms. Though the symptoms are relatively well documented, the disease often goes… 

Evaluating the risk of ciguatera fish poisoning from reef fish in Hawai'i : Development of ELISA applications for the detection of ciguatoxin

Development of the assay represents the first ELISA for detecting ciguatoxin using chicken antibody (Ig Y) as an immunoanalytic tool, and further establishes a relatively rapid, reliable method for screening large quantities of fish.

Ciguatera toxins: toxicity and food safety

Ciguatera poisoning: a global issue with common management problems

  • J. TingA. F. Brown
  • Medicine
    European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
  • 2001
A case series of four adult tourists who developed ciguatera poisoning after consuming contaminated fish in Vanuatu is presented and a lack of response to mannitol, clinical and laboratory indices of sepsis were present in this patient.

Seafood poisoning, symptom, treatment, and prevention

Food related disease or food poisoning is prevalent worldwide with high mortality and proper care in handling and cooking raw poultry, beef, pork, and eggs is important to prevent any food borne diseases.

Acute Toxicity of Gambierone and Quantitative Analysis of Gambierones Produced by Cohabitating Benthic Dinoflagellates

Gambierones are shown to be of low toxicity with an LD50 of 2.4 mg/kg, 9600 times less toxic than the commonly implicated Pacific ciguatoxin-1B, indicating it is unlikely to play a role in ciguatera poisoning.

Hepatotoxicity in rats induced by the poisonous dreamfish (Sarpa salpa)

Liver and especially visceral part of S. salpa presented toxicity, which clearly indicates the danger of using this fish as food.

Aflatoxins and Their Impact on Human and Animal Health: An Emerging Problem

Aflatoxins were initially isolated and identified as the causative toxins in “Turkey-X-disease” after 100,000 turkeys died in England from an acute necrosis of the liver and hyperplasia of the bile duct after consuming groundnuts infected with Aspergillus flavus.

Neurotoxin Prevalence from Stranded Hawaiian Cetaceans

Neurotoxin activity was detected in fresh tissues from a number of different cetacean species that exhibit very diverse feeding behavior, and the presence of neurotoxin activity in Hawaiian cetACEans warrants further investigation.

Disease Transmission by Contaminated Water

Water is traditionally viewed as the “universal solvent” which accounts for its vital support of all living things and should be valued both as a commodity and a habitat for aquatic life.