CHARGE EQUILIBRATION TIME OF SLOW, HIGHLY CHARGED IONS IN SOLIDS

@article{Hattass1999CHARGEET,
  title={CHARGE EQUILIBRATION TIME OF SLOW, HIGHLY CHARGED IONS IN SOLIDS},
  author={M. Hattass and T. Schenkel and A. Hamza and A. Barnes and M. W. Newman and J. McDonald and T. Niedermayr and G. Machicoane and D. Schneider},
  journal={Physical Review Letters},
  year={1999},
  volume={82},
  pages={4795-4798}
}
We report observations of nonequilibrium charge state distributions of slow, highly charged (33+{le} q{le}75+) ions after transmission of thin carbon foils. Charge equilibration times are determined directly from the dependencies of exit charge states on projectile velocity (0.5{times}10{sup 6}{lt}v{lt}10{sup 6} m/s) and foil thickness (5{endash}10thinspthinspnm). Ions like Xe{sup 44+} and Au{sup 68+} are found to equilibrate inside of solid matter in a time of only 7thinspthinspfs. {copyright… Expand

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