• Corpus ID: 41414860

CHAPTER 2 PREVALENCE AND INCIDENCE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES AMONG CHILDREN AND ADULTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND COMPARISON WITH NONU . S . COUNTRIES

@inproceedings{Imperatore2017CHAPTER2P,
  title={CHAPTER 2 PREVALENCE AND INCIDENCE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES AMONG CHILDREN AND ADULTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND COMPARISON WITH NONU . S . COUNTRIES},
  author={Giuseppina Imperatore and Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis and Trevor J. Orchard and Victor W. Zhong},
  year={2017}
}
Dr. Giuseppina Imperatore is Team Lead, Epidemiology and Statistics Branch, Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Dr. Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis is Professor and Chair, Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Dr. Trevor J. Orchard is Professor of Epidemiology, Medicine… 

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Temporal trends in incidence of pediatric type 1 diabetes in Alabama: 2000‐2017

It is hypothesized that trends in the annual incidence rates of childhood‐onset type 1 diabetes in the state of Alabama would be different by race and sex.

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Significant increases occurred between 2001 and 2009 in both sexes, all age-groups, and in white, Hispanic, and black youth, with no significant changes for Asian Pacific Islanders and American Indians.

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The National Health and Nutrition examination survey (NHANes) is a representative cross-sectional survey of the civilian, noninstitutionalized Us population and although NHANes does not explicitly collect information on type 1 diabetes mellitus, the prevalence is estimated based on age of diabetes diagnosis, the age of insulin initiation, and current use of insulin.

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The data document the incidence rates of type 1 DM among youth of all racial/ethnic groups, with the highest rates in non-Hispanic white youth, and type 2 DM is still relatively infrequent; however, the highest levels were observed among adolescent minority populations.

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The incidence of type 1 diabetes is rising among children in Philadelphia and the incidence rate has increased by 29% since the 1985–1989 cohort, with the most marked increases among white children ages 10–14 years and black children ages 0–4 years.

Prevalence of Diabetes in U.S. Youth in 2009: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study

Prevalence increased with age, was slightly higher in females than males, and was most prevalent in non-Hispanic White and least prevalent in Asian/Pacific Islanders, with Native American and black youth having the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes.

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High levels of abnormal cardiometabolic and behavioral risk factor profiles were common among youth with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and <3% of youth aged >10 years met current recommendations for intake of saturated fat.

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Incidence of childhood diabetes increased between 1994-2003, driven primarily by nT1, suggesting a role for behavioral and/or environmental determinants of insulin resistance.
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