CHAPTER 1 – Historical Introduction

  title={CHAPTER 1 – Historical Introduction},
  author={Alberto Caggiati and Claudio Allegra},
Venous Valvular Distribution in the Thoracic and Pelvic Limbs of the Horse
The results showed that the valvular density was higher in thoracic limbs, which probably reflects the adaptation to the consequences of hydrostatic pressure, and the superficial veins have a higher valVular density that would prevent the varicose risk in the horse.
Incidence and location of deep vein thrombosis in the lower extremities : what do we know ?
This last investigation provides an accurate mapping of varicose veins and pelvic venous reflux and provides sufficient arguments to evaluate the relevance of the pelvic-level venous treatment.
Extraluminal venous interruption for free-floating thrombus in the deep veins of lower limbs.
The accumulated experience of surgical management of patients with FFT reveals the important role of deep vein ligation/plication in prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism.
Differences in Saphenous Vein Reflux Detection According to Patient Positioning
Technology perceptions were that coaptable veins in the nonstanding position and detection of low-velocity reflux in the standing position influenced the results, and the data collected favored evaluation of saphenous veinReflux detection performed with the use of a simplified protocol compared with an extensive protocol with the patient standing.
Endovenous laser with miniphlebectomy for treatment of varicose veins and effect of different levels of laser energy on recanalization. A single center experience
Investigation of the safety and efficacy of EVLA with different levels of laser energy in patients with varicose veins secondary to saphenous vein reflux found it seems a good alternative to surgery by the application of energy of not less than 80 J/cm.
Advances in Valveless Piezoelectric Pump with Cone-shaped Tubes
This paper reviews the development of valveless piezoelectric pump with cone-shaped tube chronologically, which have widely potential application in biomedicine and micro-electro-mechanical systems
Resonance Raman spectroscopic study of alumina-supported vanadium oxide catalysts with 220 and 287 nm excitation.
This work established a linear relationship between charge transfer energy and VO bond length and, consequently, assigned the higher-energy charge transfer band centered around 210-250 nm in the UV-vis spectra to the VO transition.
Investigating the Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotubes with In Situ Raman Monitoring
Abstract : The objectives of this project were to identify the processes responsible for growth termination, creation and healing of defects, and chiral selectivity of single-walled carbon nanotubes,


Monocyte infiltration into venous valves.
New insights into perforator vein incompetence.
The number of incompetent PVs and the diameter of both competent and incompetent PV increases with the severity of CVD, indicating that deep venous reflux is rarely the primary cause of PV insufficiency.
Trapdoor internal valvuloplasty--a new technique for primary deep vein valvular incompetence.
  • R. Tripathi, K. Ktenidis
  • Medicine
    European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
  • 2001
The Trapdoor Internal Valvuloplasty (TIV) represents a novel technique, which has the advantages of being both technically less demanding and anatomically better defined and enables accurate localisation of valve cusp defects while allowing comprehensive, anatomical repair of valvular deficiencies.
Three-dimensional spiral CT venography for the pre-operative assessment of varicose patients.
Providing a more complete anatomical information, VCT makes possible a better surgical choice of technique, avoiding anatomic pitfalls, with a more precise and limited skin approach.
Transcommissural valvuloplasty: technique and results.
Transcommissural valvuloplasty is a safe procedure with low morbidity, it is relatively rapid and simple to perform, and its competency rates are comparable to those of internal valvULoplasty.
Urine hemosiderin: a novel marker to assess the severity of chronic venous disease.
Determination of presence of hemosiderin in the urine is a new, sensitive, cost-effective, noninvasive, and repeatable test that enables detection of substantial microcirculatory overload in patients with CVI.
Three-dimensional phlebography of the saphenous venous system.
The saphenous venous system was visualized by CT without any contrast medium injection and 3D images were evaluated by means of the volume-rendering technique (VRT), which allows an excellent morphological demonstration of size, path, and connections of the sa phenous trunks and of their tributaries even if no contrast medium is injected.