CD20-negative de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in HIV-negative patients: A matched case-control analysis in a single institution
BACKGROUND Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) has been described as a rapidly progressive and almost invariably fatal CD20- VS38c+ diffuse large-cell lymphoma with plasmablastic features, almost exclusively involving the jaw and oral mucosa in HIV-positive patients. METHODS From 2001 to 2003 we evaluated 12 men with PBL, and report the pathology, clinical findings, treatment and outcome. Six of 12 were HIV-positive while among the others, one was post-renal transplant, one had ulcerative colitis and four had no known immunodeficiency. RESULTS Tumor growth pattern, in general, showed cohesiveness and a starry-sky pattern; the morphology varied from typical plasmablastic to centroblastic cells. Partial immunophenotypes were (+/total): CD138, 11 of 12 (91.7%); MIB1 10 of 11 (4+, range 75-95%); p63/VS38c, nine of 10 (90%); EBV, eight of 11 (73%); LCA(CD45), two of 12 (16.7%); HHV8/LANA, zero of 10; ALK, zero of seven; and CD20, zero of 12. Three had stage IE and nine stage IV disease. Nine of 12 had an intermediate/high International Prognostic Index or high-risk disease. Computed tomography and positron emission tomography scan in four of 12 revealed extensive bone metastases. Eight of 12 are alive after treatment, with a median follow-up of 11+ months (range 1-24). Of the HIV-positive patients, five of six are alive with a median follow-up of 17 months. CONCLUSIONS It appears that PBL are heterogenous in terms of clinical presentation and morphology. The outcome presented here is superior to that originally reported.