Kopf, on F ebuary 3, 2013 em .rupss.org D ow nladed fom Published
- L. R. Brunet, F. D. Finkelman, M.A.A.W. Cheever
- February 16,
The effector functions of CD4 1 T lymphocytes are generally thought to be controlled by distinct populations of regulatory T cells and their soluble products. The role of B cells in the regulation of CD4-dependent host responses is less well understood. Hepatic egg granuloma formation and fibrosis in murine schistosomiasis are dependent on CD4 1 lymphocytes, and previous studies have implicated CD8 1 T cells or cross-regulatory cytokines produced by T helper (Th) lymphocytes as controlling elements of this pathologic process. In this report, we demonstrate that B cell–deficient ( m MT) mice exposed to Schistosoma mansoni develop augmented tissue pathology and, more importantly, fail to undergo the spontaneous downmodulation in disease normally observed during late stages of infection. Unexpectedly, B cell deficiency did not significantly alter T cell proliferative response or cause a shift in the Th1/Th2 balance. Since schistosome-infected Fc receptor–deficient (FcR g chain knockout) mice display the same exacerbated egg pathology as that observed in infected m MT mice, the B cell– dependent regulatory mechanism revealed by these experiments appears to require receptormediated cell triggering. Together, the data demonstrate that humoral immune response/FcR interactions can play a major role in negatively controlling inflammatory disease induced by CD4 1 T cells.