CAUSES AND ASSOCIATIONS OF SEVERE AND PERSISTENT SPECIFIC SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS IN CHILDREN

@article{Robinson1991CAUSESAA,
  title={CAUSES AND ASSOCIATIONS OF SEVERE AND PERSISTENT SPECIFIC SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS IN CHILDREN},
  author={Roger Robinson},
  journal={Developmental Medicine \& Child Neurology},
  year={1991},
  volume={33}
}
  • R. Robinson
  • Published 1 November 1991
  • Medicine
  • Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Eighty‐two school‐age children with severe and persistent specific speech and language disorders were studied. 71 had specific developmental language disorders, three had structural malformations (cleft palate) and eight had disorders acquired after a period of normal language development, including five with Landau‐Kleffner syndrome. The sex ratio was 38 boys to one girl. Nearly half had a family history of speech‐language disorder, with one in 52 affected siblings. Aetiological factors were… 

High incidence of language disorder in children with focal epilepsies

A clear though often subtle association between focal (localization‐related) epilepsy and language disorder is demonstrated, indicating an increased risk in this patient group.

High incidence of language disorder in children with focal epilepsies.

  • G. Parkinson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 2002
A clear though often subtle association between focal (localization-related) epilepsy and language disorder is demonstrated, indicating an increased risk in this patient group.

Motor Profile of Children With Developmental Speech and Language Disorders

The findings of this study support the idea that developmental speech and language disorders are frequently associated with motor problems and that the kind of developmental speechand language disorders affects motor performance differently.

Electroencephalographic abnormalities in preschool children with language delay

Electroencephalogram (EEG) is an useful tool in assessing children with language delay and may be a trial of antiepileptic medications can help these children.

Prevalence and Predictors of Persistent Speech Sound Disorder at Eight Years Old: Findings From a Population Cohort Study

Variables identified as predictive of persistent SSD suggest that factors across motor, cognitive, and linguistic processes may place a child at risk.

Head circumference in autism and other pervasive developmental disorders.

It is indicated that about one-third of children with PDD have macrocephaly based on current percentile charts; this rate was significantly higher than in children with language disorder alone and suggests that PDD is sometimes associated with abnormal physical development.

GENETIC BASIS OF SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT: EVIDENCE FROM A TWIN STUDY

There is good evidence that genetic factors play a role in the aetiology of speech and language impairment; twin data may help to arrive at a clearer conception of the phenotype as well as quantifying the extent of the genetic contribution.

Specific Language and Speech Disorder: Purifying the Concept

Children with language or speech impairments are often easily recognized in clinical practice. Cases that show these impairments, but have no mental retardation, pervasive developmental disorder, a

Early identification: are speech/language-impaired toddlers at increased risk for Developmental Coordination Disorder?

Young children who are in early intervention programmes for speech/language delays may have significant co-ordination difficulties that will become more evident at kindergarten age when motor deficits begin to impact self-care and academic tasks.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES

Speech and language development in 41 children with sex chromosome anomalies.

Forty-one children with sex chromosome anomalies identified from the chromosome screening of a newborn population were blindly evaluated by a speech-language pathologist, along with a control group of 31 siblings, and some children in all groups were found to have normal speech and language development.

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT OF TERM AND PRETERM CHILDREN DURING THE FIRST FIVE YEARS OF LIFE

Girls were more advanced in early language development and showed less articulation defects than boys, and the perinatal optimality score was significantly correlated with the ages at which the stages of language development were reached, and with language performance at five years in preterm children, but much less in term children.

Chromosome Studies of Children with Specific Speech and Language Delay

It is suggested that delay in speech development is one facet of the developmental problems that may be significant in later behavioural problems in adolescent and adult males with X and Y aneuploidy.

Early Correlates of Speech, Language and Hearing,

The Collaborative Perinatal Project was launched early in 1959 by the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness with the eventual cooperation of 12 separate medical centers throughout the United States, and its goal was to describe relationships between sensory and neurologic deficits in children, relevant aspects of maternal pregnancy and delivery, and pertinent psychosocial factors.

The early childhood development of 17 boys with sex chromosome anomalies: a prospective study.

Seventeen boys with sex chromosome anomalies were identified at birth and followed up developmentally for two to five years. The 17 included 12 boys with 47,XXY, four with 47,XYY, and one with

The causes of specific developmental language disorder ("development dysphasia").

  • D. Bishop
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1987
There is seldom any evidence for acquired brain damage in the medical histories of language-disordered children, and studies using more direct techniques to investigate neurological status have yielded contradictory results.

Fragile X syndrome: recognition in young children.

A review of 20 children younger than 7 1/2 years of age who had the fragile X syndrome seen at the Cincinnati Center of Developmental Disorders was undertaken in an attempt to establish guidelines that would aid the practicing physician in determining which children should have a chromosomal analysis.

Motor disorders of voice and speech in Reye's syndrome survivors.

Although other neurologic deficits are present in three of these four children, the disorders of voice and speech are the major permanent disabling handicap in the authors' RS survivors.

Sex ratios in early childhood autism and related conditions

  • L. Wing
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychiatry Research
  • 1981

Syndrome of Acquired Aphasia with Convulsive Disorder in Children

Certain of the children who are evaluated and taught at the Central Institute for the Deaf are classified as aphasic because they present a specific deficit in the ability to use speech and
...