CAUSAL ANALYSIS AFTER HAAVELMO

@article{Heckman2014CAUSALAA,
  title={CAUSAL ANALYSIS AFTER HAAVELMO},
  author={James Heckman and Rodrigo R. Pinto},
  journal={Econometric Theory},
  year={2014},
  volume={31},
  pages={115 - 151}
}
Haavelmo’s seminal 1943 and 1944 papers are the first rigorous treatment of causality. In them, he distinguished the definition of causal parameters from their identification. He showed that causal parameters are defined using hypothetical models that assign variation to some of the inputs determining outcomes while holding all other inputs fixed. He thus formalized and made operational Marshall’s (1890) ceteris paribus analysis. We embed Haavelmo’s framework into the recursive framework of… 
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