Prognostic significance of C-reactive protein in urological cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) represents a promising prognostic variable in patients with sporadic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It was hypothesized that CRP can improve the prognostic ability of standard RCC-specific mortality (RCC-SM) predictors in patients treated with nephrectomy for all stages of RCC. METHODS Radical nephrectomy was performed in 314 patients from 2 European centers. Life table, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox regression analyses addressed RCC-SM. Covariates included age, gender, TNM stage, tumor size, Fuhrman grade, and histologic subtype. RESULTS The median survival of the cohort was 19.9 years. Age ranged from 10 to 77 years. Most patients were male (69%). T-stages were distributed as follows: T1-121 (38.7%), T2-45 (14.4%), T3-140 (44.7%), T4-7 (2.2%). CRP values ranged from 1.0 to 358.0 mg/L (mean 40.9, median 11.0 mg/L). In multivariable analyses, CRP was an independent predictor of RCC-SM (P = .003). The consideration of CRP in the multivariable model increased the predictive accuracy by 3.7% (P < .001). Moreover, the model with CRP performed 2.4% and 4.6% better than the UCLA Integrated Staging System (UISS) at, respectively, 2 and 5 years. CONCLUSIONS CRP represents an informative predictor of RCC-SM. Its routine use could allow better risk stratification and risk-adjusted follow-up of RCC patients.