C-element: A New Clustering Algorithm to Find High Quality Functional Modules in PPI Networks

Abstract

Graph clustering algorithms are widely used in the analysis of biological networks. Extracting functional modules in protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks is one such use. Most clustering algorithms whose focuses are on finding functional modules try either to find a clique like sub networks or to grow clusters starting from vertices with high degrees as seeds. These algorithms do not make any difference between a biological network and any other networks. In the current research, we present a new procedure to find functional modules in PPI networks. Our main idea is to model a biological concept and to use this concept for finding good functional modules in PPI networks. In order to evaluate the quality of the obtained clusters, we compared the results of our algorithm with those of some other widely used clustering algorithms on three high throughput PPI networks from Sacchromyces Cerevisiae, Homo sapiens and Caenorhabditis elegans as well as on some tissue specific networks. Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were used to compare the results of different algorithms. Each algorithm's result was then compared with GO-term derived functional modules. We also analyzed the effect of using tissue specific networks on the quality of the obtained clusters. The experimental results indicate that the new algorithm outperforms most of the others, and this improvement is more significant when tissue specific networks are used.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072366

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ghasemi2013CelementAN, title={C-element: A New Clustering Algorithm to Find High Quality Functional Modules in PPI Networks}, author={M. Ghasemi and M. Armon Rahgozar and Gholamreza Bidkhori and Ali Masoudi-Nejad}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2013} }