C(13)-Norisoprenoid glucoconjugates from lulo (Solanum quitoense L.) leaves.


With the aid of multilayer coil countercurrent chromatography, subsequent acetylation, and liquid chromatographic purification of a glycosidic mixture obtained from lulo (Solanum quitoense L.) leaves, three C(13)-norisoprenoid glucoconjugates were isolated in pure form. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, MS, and CD analyses to be the novel (6R,9R)-13-hydroxy-3-oxo-alpha-ionol 9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4a), the uncommon (3S,5R,8R)-3, 5-dihydroxy-6,7-megastigmadien-9-one 5-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (citroside A) (5a), and the known (6S,9R)-vomifoliol 9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6a). Enzymatic treatment of compound 5a showed the formation of 3-hydroxy-7,8-didehydro-beta-ionone (7), an important lulo peeling volatile, which in its turn after chemical reduction and heated acid catalyzed rearrangement generates beta-damascenone (9) and 3-hydroxy-beta-damascone (10).

Cite this paper

@article{Osorio1999C13NorisoprenoidGF, title={C(13)-Norisoprenoid glucoconjugates from lulo (Solanum quitoense L.) leaves.}, author={Coralia Osorio and Carmenza Duque and Yasuo Fujimoto}, journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry}, year={1999}, volume={47 4}, pages={1641-5} }