Byzantine Iconoclasm and the Influence of the Islamic Environment

@article{vonGrunebaum1962ByzantineIA,
  title={Byzantine Iconoclasm and the Influence of the Islamic Environment},
  author={Gustave E. von Grunebaum},
  journal={History of Religions},
  year={1962},
  volume={2},
  pages={1 - 10}
}
The purpose of this presentation is not so much the tracing of Islamic influences on Byzantium-of which in essential matters there are not too many-but to suggest and illustrate a different basis for what intellectual and emotional parallelisms do exist between the two hostile neighbors, the world of Islam and the world of Greek Christendom; in the process, a slight refinement of the concept of influence itself may emerge. On October 4, 787, at the fifth session of the Second Council of Nicaea…