Bystander signaling in C. elegans: proton microbeam studies


Biological model: In this project, we investigated the control of radiation-induced genotoxic damage expression in somatic cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. We measured genotoxic damage in the C. elegans intestine by irradiating young larvae with 20 intestinal cells. Fourteen of these cells undergo exactly one nuclear division without cytoplasmic division leading to 14 binucleate cells. This nuclear division is synchronized and occurs at the first larval molt. Irradiation induces chromosome aberrations including dicentrics which we can quantify as stable anaphase bridges in the binucleate cells of young adult intestines. The endpoint is doseand LET-dependent and we have demonstrated that individual intestinal cells have unique radiosensitivities.

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@inproceedings{Nelson2014BystanderSI, title={Bystander signaling in C. elegans: proton microbeam studies}, author={Gregory A. Nelson and Tamako A. Jones and Leticia S Ortloff and John R. Ford and Delia Nu{\~n}ez and Leslie A. Braby}, year={2014} }