Bystander intervention in emergencies: diffusion of responsibility.

@article{Darley1968BystanderII,
  title={Bystander intervention in emergencies: diffusion of responsibility.},
  author={John M. Darley and Bibb Latan{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1968},
  volume={8 4},
  pages={
          377-83
        }
}
  • J. Darley, B. Latané
  • Published 1968
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Ss overheard an epileptic seizure. They believed either that they alone heard the emergency, or that 1 or 4 unseen others were also present. As predicted the presence of other bystanders reduced the individual's feelings of personal responsibility and lowered his speed of reporting (p < .01). In groups of size 3, males reported no faster than females, and females reported no slower when the 1 other bystander was a male rather than a female. In general, personality and background measures were… Expand
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Study of numerous simulated situations of assault or murder indicated that bystander's intervention depends on the dynamics of the group and the personality of the individual member who impulsively gives aid to a victim. Expand
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It is demonstrated that the occurrence of the bystander effect has rational roots, and three studies reveal that the presence of other bystanders does not inhibit helping when effective helping requires more than one help-giver. Expand
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