By All Available Means: Cameron and Pierce’s Defense of Extrinsic Motivators

@article{Kohn1996ByAA,
  title={By All Available Means: Cameron and Pierce’s Defense of Extrinsic Motivators},
  author={Alfie Kohn},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  year={1996},
  volume={66},
  pages={1 - 4}
}
  • A. Kohn
  • Published 1996
  • Psychology
  • Review of Educational Research
Cameron and Pierce’s meta-analysis (1994), which purports to demonstrate that extrinsic rewards may not undermine intrinsic motivation, is unpersuasive by virtue of its methodology, its tendency to ignore important distinctions, and its failure to include certain evidence. 
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The present manuscript addresses the content of claims about the harmful effects of extrinsic rewards and some surprising convergences between the views of self-determination theorists and behavioral practitioners are noted. Expand
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Over the last decades, the accounting and control literature has featured much studying of and debate about the role and designing of incentives. Over the last year or so, the debate over incentivesExpand
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References

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When Paradigms Clash: Comments on Cameron and Pierce’s Claim That Rewards Do Not Undermine Intrinsic Motivation
Cameron and Pierce’s (1994) conclusion that rewards do not pose a threat to intrinsic motivation is a misrepresentation of the literature based on a flawed meta-analysis. Their call to abandonExpand
Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards: A Commentary on Cameron and Pierce’s Meta-Analysis
This article provides a critical analysis of Cameron and Pierce’s (1994) meta-analytic review of the experimental literature on the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. It isExpand
Effects of an Extrinsic Reward on Intrinsic Motivation: A Field Experiment
In this article the author attempts to add to the research on the relationship between intrinsic employee motivation and the expectation of a reward based upon performance. The author asserts that ...
Effects of Rewards on Children's Prosocial Motivation: A Socialization Study
Etude des relations entre les attitudes ou les pratiques maternelles concernant l'utilisation de recompenses et la sensibilite de 72 enfants d'âge scolaire aux effets de ces recompenses
Inferred values and the reverse-incentive effect in induced compliance.
It is proposed that when Ss are offered a large payment for engaging in an activity, they infer that the activity must be difficult, tedious, risky, or unpleasant in some way. This inference canExpand
Helplessness deficits in students: The role of motivational orientation
This paper includes research comprised of field studies and laboratory experiments to examine our diathesis-stress model that students with an extrinsic motivational orientation givenExpand
Reinforcement effects on intrinsic interest: Undermining the overjustification hypothesis
An intensive design laboratory experiment was conducted to examine the effects of extrinsic (token) reinforcement on children's intrinsic interest in a play activity. Five second grade children wereExpand
The effects of reward and perception of competency upon intrinsic motivation
The effects of contingent and noncontingent reward upon subsequent performance on a decoding task were compared. The results indicated that reward had an overall detrimental effect. There was someExpand
Reinforcement, Reward, and Intrinsic Motivation: A Meta-Analysis
This article reviews research on the effects of reinforcement/reward on intrinsic motivation. The main meta-analysis included 96 experimental studies that used between-groups designs to compareExpand
Children's preference for challenge: the role of perceived competence and control.
TLDR
The data indicated that when given the evaluative, controlling directive, children who had high perceptions of academic competence and control preferred a greater challenge than did children whose perceptions were low on these measures. Expand
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