Butterflies and ants: The communicative domain

  title={Butterflies and ants: The communicative domain},
  author={Konrad Fiedler and Bert Hoelldobler and Peter Seufert},
Associations with ants, termed myrmecophily, are widespread in the butterfly family Lycaenidae and range from mere co-existence to more or less specific mutualistic or even parasitic interactions. Secretions of specialized epidermal glands are crucial for mediating the interactions. Transfer of nutrients (carbohydrates, amino acids) from butterfly larvae to ants plays a major role, but manipulative communication with the help of odour signals is also involved. By means of myrmecophily, lycaenid… CONTINUE READING
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